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Isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate serve as the universal precursors for the biosynthesis of terpenes. Although their biosynthesis by means of mevalonate has been studied in detail, a second biosynthetic pathway for their formation by means of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate has been discovered only recently in plants and certain(More)
Camptothecin, a cytotoxic drug, is a strong inhibitor of nucleic acid synthesis in mammalian cells and a potent inducer of strand breaks in chromosomal DNA. Neither the equilibrium dialysis nor the unwinding measurement indicates any interaction between camptothecin and purified DNA. However, camptothecin induces extensive single strand DNA breaks in(More)
A hypothetical gene with similarity to the ispD gene of Escherichia coli was cloned from Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA. The ORF of 909 bp specifies a protein of 302 amino acid residues. The cognate chromosomal gene consists of 2,071 bp and comprises 11 introns with a size range of 78-202 bp. A fragment comprising amino acid residues 76-302 was expressed in a(More)
In many microorganisms, the putative orthologs of the Escherichia coli ygbB gene are tightly linked or fused to putative orthologs of ygbP, which has been shown earlier to be involved in terpenoid biosynthesis. The ygbB gene of E. coli was expressed in a recombinant E. coli strain and was shown to direct the synthesis of a soluble, 17-kDa polypeptide. The(More)
The ispH gene of Escherichia coli specifies an enzyme catalyzing the conversion of 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl diphosphate into a mixture of isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) in the nonmevalonate isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway. The implementation of a gene cassette directing the overexpression of the isc operon(More)
Earlier in vivo studies showed the involvement of IspH protein in the conversion of 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate into isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). We have demonstrated now that cell extract of an Escherichia coli strain engineered for hyperexpression of the ispH (lytB) gene catalyzes the in vitro(More)
The putative catalytic domain of an open reading frame from Plasmodium falciparum with similarity to the ispF gene of Escherichia coli specifying 2C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase was expressed in a recombinant E. coli strain. The recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity and was found to catalyze the formation of(More)
Isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) serve as the universal precursors for the biosynthesis of terpenes. Besides the well-known mevalonate pathway, a second biosynthetic pathway conducive to IPP and DMAPP via 1-deoxy-D-xylu-lose-5-phosphate and 2C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate has been discovered recently in plants and(More)
A comparative analysis of all published complete genomes indicated that the putative orthologs of the unannotated ychB gene of Escherichia coli follow the distribution of the dxs, dxr, and ygbP genes, which have been shown to specify enzymes of the deoxyxylulose phosphate pathway of terpenoid biosynthesis, thus suggesting that the hypothetical YchB protein(More)
alpha-Amino acids can undergo peptide formation by activation with carbon monoxide (CO) under hot aqueous conditions in the presence of freshly coprecipitated colloidal (Fe,Ni)S. We now show that CO-driven peptide formation proceeds concomitantly with CO-driven, N-terminal peptide degradation by racemizing N-terminal hydantoin and urea derivatives to(More)