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The freezing reaction in response to a brief auditory signal was assessed in lactating and virgin rats. Freezing was markedly reduced in lactating animals, but only when their litters were present in the testing cage. Pup exposure did not shorten the duration of freezing in virgin animals. The reduced fearfulness in lactating females, as measured by the(More)
The present experiments characterized the impairment in pup retrieval previously observed in maternal rats following dopamine-depleting 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) infusions in the ventral striatum. Video recordings of 30-min pup retrieval tests revealed that 6-OHDA mothers spent most of the time feeding (Experiment 1). Denying the mothers the opportunity to(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that an interference with dopamine (DA) transmission disrupts maternal behavior in the rat. The present brain microdialysis study was therefore conducted to investigate whether infants can modulate ventral striatal DA release in mother rats. There was a significant rise in the extracellular concentrations DA,(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to investigate cognitive abilities and their correlations with CTG repeat expansion size in classical Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), given that earlier studies have indicated cognitive deficits, possibly correlating with blood CTG repeats expansion size. METHODS A measurement of CTG repeat expansion in lymphocytes and(More)
The present study assessed neuropsychological functions related to attention, executive function and everyday memory in a group of men with a diagnosis of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Twenty Bosnian male combat veterans with a diagnosis of PTSD were tested using the Sustained Attention to Response Task, the Hayling Sentence(More)
This study examined whether the cognitive profile of subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with vascular disease differs from that of MCI subjects with no vascular disease. Consecutive MCI subjects with vascular disease (n=60) and matched MCI subjects with no vascular disease (n=60) were included in the study and were compared with healthy control(More)
The fluid intake of male Wistar rats with simultaneous access to water and 6% ethanol was determined between 0900 and 1500 h. In high-preferring males (normally covering > 60% of their daily fluid consumption in the form of ethanol), two injections with the corticosterone synthesis inhibitor metyrapone (50 mg/kg) at 0900 h and 1200 h for 4 consecutive days(More)
The Empathy- and Systemizing Quotients (EQ and SQ, respectively; Baron-Cohen, 2003) were determined in a Swedish sample consisting mainly of university undergraduates. Females had significantly higher EQ than males, who in turn scored higher on the SQ inventory. Gender explained 12-14% of the variation. Males were strikingly overrepresented in the group(More)
Female rats with continuous access to water and 6% ethanol were given bilateral ventral striatal 6-OHDA infusions, which induced pronounced striatal depletions of dopamine. The postoperative ethanol consumption of these rats was not significantly affected in comparison to vehicle-infused controls. In a second experiment, female rats received escalating(More)