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"This article focuses on forecasting migration between Australia and New Zealand (trans-Tasman migration), which is largely visa-free and therefore resembles internal migration. Net trans-Tasman migration is a major component of New Zealand population change and is embedded in this article in a Bayesian or unrestricted vector autoregression (VAR) model,(More)
The tone of vascular smooth muscle cells is a primary determinant of the total peripheral vascular resistance and hence the arterial blood pressure. Most forms of hypertension ultimately result from an increased vascular tone that leads to an elevated total peripheral resistance. Regulation of vascular resistance under normotensive and hypertensive(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Diabetic retinopathy is characterized by pericyte loss and vasoregression both in the clinic and in animal models. A mild neurodegeneration with loss of ganglion cells is also described in the diabetic retina. Like VEGF-A, Epo is angioprotective and, in high doses, neuroprotective, however, without affecting vessel permeability. This study(More)
The aim of our study was to investigate differences in restraint stress-response between normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and the consequences for tail-cuff (TC) blood pressure measurements. We therefore radiotelemetrically collected cardiovascular data from WKY and SHR that underwent TC procedures and measured(More)
Cardiovascular parameters such as arterial blood pressure (ABP) and heart rate display pronounced circadian variation. The present study was performed to detect whether there is a circadian periodicity in the regulation of cerebral perfusion. Normotensive Sprague-Dawley rats (SDR, approximately 15 wk old) and hypertensive (mREN2)27 transgenic rats (TGR,(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of the present study was to evaluate the development of the circadian rhythm of the salivary cortisol in premature infants and its correlation with the onset of the sleep-activity behavior pattern during the first 3 weeks of life under controlled light:dark conditions. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of acoustic stimulation by(More)
Telemetry systems enable researchers to continuously monitor physiological signals in unrestrained, freely moving small rodents. Drawbacks of common systems are limited operation time, the need to house the animals separately, and the necessity of a stable communication link. Furthermore, the costs of the typically proprietary telemetry systems reduce the(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of recorded lullabies and taped maternal voice in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN Sixty-two preterm infants in a stable condition with 30<37 weeks of gestation and <10 days of postnatal age were randomly assigned to hear (A) recorded lullabies or (B) taped maternal voice for 30 min each(More)
Transgenic hypertensive TGR(mREN2)27 rats (TGR) exhibit an inverse circadian blood pressure profile from the age of 8 to 9 wk. To investigate the role of the sympathetic nervous system in this pathological blood pressure rhythm, we examined postnatal changes in catecholamine concentration, expression of tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH), and norepinephrine (NE)(More)
Radiotelemetric sensors for in vivo assessment of blood pressure and heart rate are widely used in animal research. MRI with implanted sensors is regarded as contraindicated as transmitter malfunction and injury of the animal may be caused. Moreover, artefacts are expected to compromise image evaluation. In vitro, the function of a radiotelemetric sensor(More)
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