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Periodical stimulation of the otoliths during linear horizontal displacement leads not only to motion and displacement perception but also to the "Hilltop Illusion", which is the perception of being transported not on an earth-horizontal path, but over a small hill. This phenomenon is explained by the partial reinterpretation of the linear acceleration to a(More)
We consider approximations of a smooth convex body by inscribed and circumscribed convex polytopes as the number of vertices, resp. facets tends to innnity. The measure of deviation used is the diierence of the mean width of the convex body and the approximating polytopes. The following results are obtained. (i) An asymptotic formula for best approximation.(More)
The increased postural sway of patients with disorders of the vestibular system improves with vision. The suppression of pathologic nystagmus also reduces sway. Because the latter effect cannot be attributed to retinal slip as a relevant feedback for postural control, the authors investigated how eye movements rather than retinal slip affect balance. They(More)
Little is known about the vestibulo-perceptual (VP) system, particularly after a unilateral vestibular lesion. We investigated vestibulo-ocular (VO) and VP function in 25 patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) acutely (2 days after onset) and after compensation (recovery phase, 10 weeks). Since the effect of VN on reflex and perceptual function may differ(More)
Systematic errors in human path integration were previously associated with processing deficits in the integration of space and time. In the present work, we hypothesized that these errors are de facto the result of a system that aims to optimize its performance by incorporating knowledge about prior experience into the current estimate of displacement. We(More)
In the present study, we compared the effects of two processing modes on the updating of the location and orientation of a previously viewed object in space during a guided walk without vision. In Experiment 1, in order to measure the error for initial perception of object's orientation, 12 subjects rotated a miniature model until it matched the memorized(More)
— In many future joint-action scenarios, humans and robots will have to interact physically in order to successfully cooperate. Ideally, seamless human-robot interaction should not require training for the human, but should be intuitively simple. Nonetheless, seamless interaction and cooperation involve some degree of learning and adaptation. Here, we(More)
Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is reported to induce interindividually variable tonic ocular torsion (OT) and superimposed torsional nystagmus. It has been proposed that the tonic component results from the activation of otolith afferents. We tested our hypothesis that both the tonic and the phasic OT are mainly due to semicircular canal (SCC)(More)
The fastigial nucleus (FN) receives vestibular information predominantly from Purkinje cells of the vermis. FN in the monkey can be divided in a rostral part, related to spinal mechanisms, and a caudal part with oculomotor functions. To understand the role of FN during movements in space, single-unit activity in alert monkeys was recorded during passive(More)