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How small can small be: The compound eye of the parasitoid wasp Trichogramma evanescens (Westwood, 1833) (Hymenoptera, Hexapoda), an insect of 0.3- to 0.4-mm total body size
Abstract With a body length of only 0.3–0.4 mm, the parasitoid wasp Trichogramma evanescens (Westwood) is one of the smallest insects known. Yet, despite its diminutive size, it possesses compoundExpand
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Studying nanostructured nipple arrays of moth eye facets helps to design better thin film solar cells.
Nipples on the surface of moth eye facets exhibit almost perfect broadband anti-reflection properties. We have studied the facet surface micro-protuberances, known as corneal nipples, of the chestnutExpand
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Comparative morphological analysis of compound eye miniaturization in minute hymenoptera.
Due to their small size, diminutive parasitic wasps are outstanding subjects for investigating aspects of body miniaturization. Information on minute compound eyes is still scarce, and we thereforeExpand
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Challenging limits: Ultrastructure and size‐related functional constraints of the compound eye of Stigmella microtheriella (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae)
With a body length of only 2 mm, the nepticulid Stigmella microtheriella (Stainton, 1854) is one of the smallest moths known to date. We investigated the optical design of its lemon‐shaped compoundExpand
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Neither apposition nor superposition: the compound eyes of the Chestnut Leafminer Cameraria ohridella
The two lemon-shaped compound eyes of the moth Cameraria ohridella measure in dorsal–ventral direction 263.0 μm in male and 238.9 μm in female individuals. In anterior–posterior direction noExpand
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Compound Eye Miniaturization in Lepidoptera: a comparative morphological analysis
Superposition and apposition compound eyes are commonly associated with moths and butterflies, respectively. However, recently intermediate eye designs, combining features of both apposition andExpand
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From two to three dimensions: The importance of the third dimension for evaluating the limits to neuronal miniaturization in insects
Most studies dealing with the limits to miniaturization in insect brains have until now relied on information based on data collected in two dimensions: either histological sections imaged by lightExpand
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Three-dimensional ultrastructural organization of the ommatidium of the minute parasitoid wasp Trichogramma evanescens.
Existing information on insect compound eyes is mainly limited to two-dimensional information derived from histological or ultrathin sections. These allow a basic description of eye morphology, butExpand
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Notable plesiomorphies and notable specializations: Head structure of the primitive “tongue moth” Acanthopteroctetes unifascia (lepidoptera: Acanthopteroctetidae)
The Acanthopteroctetidae are one of the first‐originated family‐group lineages within “tongue moths” (Lepidoptera‐Glossata). The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive account (based onExpand
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