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miRNAs participate in the regulation of apoptosis. However, it remains largely unknown as to how miRNAs are integrated into the apoptotic program. Mitochondrial fission is involved in the initiation of apoptosis. It is not yet clear whether miRNAs are able to regulate mitochondrial fission. Here we report that miR-30 family members are able to regulate(More)
SUMMARY Mineral nitrogen (N) fertilization in cereals is commonly split into three or four applications. In order to simplify N fertilization, a single N application either broadcast or placed on the soil surface was compared to conventionally split fertilization for winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The 4-year experiment (2007–2010) was performed using(More)
WaLBerla (Widely applicable Lattice-Boltzmann from Erlangen) is a massively parallel software framework supporting a wide range of physical phenomena. This article describes the software designs realizing the major goal of the framework, a good balance between expandabil-ity and scalable, highly optimized, hardware-dependent, special purpose kernels. To(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic heart disease and heart failure are associated with an increased loss of cardiomyocytes due to apoptosis. Whether cardiomyocyte apoptosis plays a causal role in the pathogenesis of heart failure remains enigmatic. The apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) is a recently discovered antiapoptotic factor with a highly(More)
Despite its complexity of action, doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiomyopathy eventually results in loss of cardiac myocytes which further contributes to the development of overt heart failure. In the present study, we examined the relevance of the apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) on cardiac myocyte survival and its underlying(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acetaminophen (AAP) overdose is the most frequent cause of drug-induced liver failure. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is thought to play a central role in AAP-induced hepatocellular necrosis. The apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) is a death repressor that inhibits death receptor and mitochondrial apoptotic signaling.(More)
UNLABELLED Acute liver failure (ALF) is associated with massive hepatocyte cell death and high mortality rates. Therapeutic approaches targeting hepatocyte injury in ALF are hampered by the activation of distinct stimulus-dependent pathways, mechanism of cell death, and a limited therapeutic window. The apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain(More)
Rab-related small GTP-binding proteins are known to be involved in the regulation of the vesicular transport system in eucaryotic cells. In this paper we report the isolation of the cDNA clone MS- rab11f from Medicago sativa (alfalfa) root nodules using a combination of RT-PCR and SSCP analysis. MS- rab11f shows high homology to the Rab-related cDNA clone(More)