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The cloning of two highly homologous chicory (Cichorium intybus var. foliosum cv Flash) fructan 1-exohydrolase cDNAs (1-FEH IIa and 1-FEH IIb) is described. Both isoenzymes could be purified from forced chicory roots as well as from the etiolated "Belgian endive" leaves where the 1-FEH IIa isoform is present in higher concentrations. Full-length cDNAs were(More)
A neuropeptide was isolated from a frog brain extract by HPLC purification and characterized by mass spectrometry. This 26-aa neuropeptide, which belongs to the RFamide peptide family, was designated 26RFa, and its primary structure was established as VGTALGSLAEELNGYNRKKGGFSFRF-NH2. Research in databases revealed the presence of sequences homologous to frog(More)
One of the landmarks of Alzheimer's disease are neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in the brain. NFT mainly consist of a hyperphosphorylated form of the protein tau, which is responsible for stabilisation of the neuronal cytoskeleton by microtubule binding and is unable to function properly in its hyperphosphorylated form. Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta(More)
* Fructans are believed to contribute to cold and drought tolerance in several plant families (Poaceae, Asparagaceae and Asteraceae), but it is not clear why the ability to accumulate these polymers is found in some genera (e.g. Triticum) but not in others (e.g. Oryza). * As fructan biosynthesis enzymes (FBEs) evolved from vacuolar invertases (VINs), we(More)
Graminan-type fructans are temporarily stored in wheat (Triticum aestivum) stems. Two phases can be distinguished: a phase of fructan biosynthesis (green stems) followed by a breakdown phase (stems turning yellow). So far, no plant fructan exohydrolase enzymes have been cloned from a monocotyledonous species. Here, we report on the cloning, purification,(More)
About 15% of flowering plants accumulate fructans. Inulin-type fructans with β(2,1) fructosyl linkages typically accumulate in the core eudicot families (e.g. Asteraceae), while levan-type fructans with β(2,6) linkages and branched, graminan-type fructans with mixed linkages predominate in monocot families. Here, we describe the unexpected finding that(More)
The response of the hippocampal proteome to expression of mutant proteins present in familial forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) was studied using transgenic rats. These animals carry both the amyloid precursor protein Swedish and 717 mutation (APP(SW+717)) as well as the presenilin 1 Finnish mutation (PS1(FINN)). This transgenic rat model displays(More)
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) technology utilizes MALDI MS to map molecules of interest in thin tissue sections. In this study, we have evaluated the potential of MALDI IMS to study peptide expression patterns in the mouse pancreas under normal and pathological conditions, and to in situ identify peptides of interest using MS/MS. Different regions of the(More)
Two new software programs are presented which enable matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) on Bruker Reflex and Ultraflex instruments. The first program, CreateTarget, creates a high density raster with the dimensions of the tissue section, and converts these parameters into a virtual target plate file that can be(More)
Large proteins (>100kDa) in bovine M. longissimus dorsi and their degradation products during post mortem ageing were investigated by gel electrophoresis and LC-MS/MS analysis. Seventeen protein bands from SDS-PAGE were analysed and 26 proteins were identified. Intact titin, nebulin and filamin were shown to break down during post mortem ageing of meat. A(More)