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A neuropeptide was isolated from a frog brain extract by HPLC purification and characterized by mass spectrometry. This 26-aa neuropeptide, which belongs to the RFamide peptide family, was designated 26RFa, and its primary structure was established as VGTALGSLAEELNGYNRKKGGFSFRF-NH2. Research in databases revealed the presence of sequences homologous to frog(More)
One of the landmarks of Alzheimer's disease are neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in the brain. NFT mainly consist of a hyperphosphorylated form of the protein tau, which is responsible for stabilisation of the neuronal cytoskeleton by microtubule binding and is unable to function properly in its hyperphosphorylated form. Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta(More)
Lactobacillus fermentum is found in fermented foods and thought to be harmless. In vivo and clinical studies indicate that some L. fermentum strains have beneficial properties, particularly for gastrointestinal health. However, L. fermentum AGR1487 decreases trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER), a measure of intestinal barrier integrity. The(More)
During early postnatal brain development, changes in visual input can lead to specific alteration of function and connectivity in mammalian visual cortex. In cat, this so-called critical period exhibits maximal sensory-driven adaptations around postnatal day 30 (P30), and ceases toward adulthood. We examined the molecular framework that directs age- and(More)
Recent immunocytochemical stainings on cat visual cortex, visually stimulated for 1 h, showed a strong induction of Fos expression in cortical neurons. We initiated immunocytochemical double staining experiments with different cytochemical markers to investigate the neurochemical and morphological character of these activated neurons showing Fos induction(More)
The response of the hippocampal proteome to expression of mutant proteins present in familial forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) was studied using transgenic rats. These animals carry both the amyloid precursor protein Swedish and 717 mutation (APP(SW+717)) as well as the presenilin 1 Finnish mutation (PS1(FINN)). This transgenic rat model displays(More)
Fructans, beta2-1 and/or beta2-6 linked polymers of fructose, are produced by fructosyltransferases (FTs) from sucrose. They are important storage carbohydrates in many plants. Fructan reserves, widely distributed in plants, are believed to be mobilized via fructan exohydrolases (FEHs). The purification, cloning, and functional characterization of a 6-FEH(More)
The recent introduction of fluorescent two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis, combined with mass spectrometry, has greatly simplified the analysis and identification of differentially expressed proteins by eliminating intergel variability. In this report, we describe the successful application of this functional proteomics approach to compare(More)
Previous double-stainings in the cat visual cortex [E. Van der Gucht, S. Clerens, K. Cromphout, F. Vandesande, L. Arckens, Differential expression of c-fos in subtypes of GABAergic cells following sensory stimulation in the cat primary visual cortex, Eur. J. Neurosci. 16 (2002) 1620-1626] showed that a minority of Fos-immunoreactive nuclei was located in(More)
Inulin-type fructans are the simplest and most studied fructans and have become increasingly popular as prebiotic health-improving compounds. A natural variation in the degree of polymerization (DP) of inulins is observed within the family of the Asteraceae. Globe thistle (Echinops ritro), artichoke (Cynara scolymus), and Viguiera discolor biosynthesize(More)