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A C-terminal portion of Ara12 subtilisin-like protease (residues 542-757) was expressed in Escherichia coli cells as a fusion protein bound to maltose binding protein. Polyclonal antisera raised against the expressed protein were used to examine the tissue specificity and subcellular localization of Ara12. The protease was found predominantly in the silique(More)
We present a detailed analysis of the oligomeric subunit organisation of pneumolysin by the use of negative stain electron microscopy and image processing to produce a projection density map. Analysis of the rotational symmetry has revealed a large and variable subunit number, between 40-50. The projected subunit density by rotational averaging shows at(More)
Pneumolysin is a member of the family of related bacterial thiol-activated toxins, which share structural similarities and a proposed common cytolytic mechanism. Currently the molecular mechanism of membrane damage caused by these toxins remains a matter of controversy. A prerequisite for defining this mechanism is a detailed knowledge of the monomeric and(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilated patients receiving intensive care are at significant risk of acquiring a ventilator-associated pneumonia that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite intensive research, it is still unclear why Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a microbe that rarely causes pneumonia outside of intensive care, is responsible for so many of(More)
Chloroplasts, as well as other, non-photosynthetic types of plastid, are characteristic structures within plant cells. They are relatively large organelles (typically 1-5 μm in diameter), and so can readily be analysed by electron microscopy. Chloroplast structure is remarkably complex, comprising at least six distinct sub-organellar compartments, and is(More)
An IgM monoclonal antibody specified for the thiol-activated proteinase of the oral pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis W83 was generated. The antibody reacted with a single protein of approximate molecular mass 43 kDa in outer membrane preparations of P. gingivalis. Immuno-electron microscopy using the monoclonal antibody and immunogold labelling confirmed(More)
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