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Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease in which systemic inflammation correlates with disease activity. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to collagen breakdown in atherosclerotic plaques. In the present study, we investigated whether the ratio of MMP-9 and its endogenous inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, in circulating(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine whether different stages of coronary artery disease (CAD) are associated with distinct differentiation patterns of activated T cells. BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease. However, little is known about specific inflammatory cell activation in atherosclerosis, for example, the T-helper (Th)1/Th2-balance.(More)
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is one of the main causes of death, which may be prevented by stem cell-based therapies. SDF-1alpha is the major chemokine attracting stem cells to the heart. Since SDF-1alpha is cleaved and inactivated by CD26/dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP-IV), we established a therapeutic concept--applicable to ischemic disorders in general--by(More)
BACKGROUND Medical stimulation of endogenous progenitor cell circulation may serve as a new therapeutic tool for treatment of acute myocardial infarction. We analyzed the effects of antidiabetic gliptins plus GCSF (granulocyte colony stimulating factor) on myocardial regeneration after myocardial infarction in a mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS After(More)
BACKGROUND G-CSF based stem cell mobilization and stabilization of cardiac SDF-1 by DPP-IV-inhibition (dual stem cell therapy) improve heart function and survival after myocardial infarction. However, it is barely understood whether this new approach acts specifically through the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis, stimulation of resident cardiac stem cells and improved(More)
Recently, parathyroid hormone (PTH) was shown to support survival of progenitor cells in bone marrow. The release of progenitor cells occurs in physiological and pathological conditions and was shown to contribute to neovascularization in tumors and ischemic tissues. In the present study we sought to investigate prospectively the effect of primary(More)
Endogenous circulation of bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs) was observed in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) who showed cardiac upregulation of Vascular Cell Adhesion Protein-1 (VCAM-1). However, the underlying pathophysiology is currently unknown. Thus, we aimed to analyze circulation, migration and G-CSF-based mobilization of BMCs in a murine(More)
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been shown to improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) by bone marrow cell mobilization and by protecting cardiomyocytes from apoptotic cell death. However, its role in collateral artery growth (arteriogenesis) has not been elucidated. Here, we investigated the effect of G-CSF on arteriolar(More)
OBJECTIVE Cytokine-mediated mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells has become an established method in the field of autologous and allogenic stem cell transplantation. Furthermore, it presents a new concept in tissue repair and regenerative medicine. In the present study, we explored the potency of parathyroid hormone (PTH) compared to granulocyte(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is well-known as the principal regulator of calcium homeostasis in the human body and controls bone metabolism via actions on the survival and activation of osteoblasts. The intermittent administration of PTH has been shown to stimulate bone production in mice and men and therefore PTH administration has been recently approved for(More)