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Complex refractive indices of supercooled liquid water have been retrieved at 269, 258, 252, and 238 K in the 4500-1100 cm(-1) wavenumber regime from series of infrared extinction spectra of micron-sized water droplets. The spectra collection was recorded during expansion experiments in the large coolable aerosol chamber AIDA of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe.(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous or iatrogenic esophageal perforations after endoscopic procedures are potentially life-threatening events with a considerable mortality rate. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that a nonoperative endoscopic treatment with self-expanding metal stents may have a lower morbidity and mortality rate compared with surgical treatment.(More)
Due to the complex embryologic development, pancreatic anatomy can be very variable. The authors present the second ever reported case in the literature of a complete pancreatic encasement of the portal vein which forced us to alter the standard operative procedure of pancreatic head resection, thus enabling possible dangerous complications.
BACKGROUND Postoperative morbidity is high after pancreatic head resections. Data about risk factors are controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors for complications after pancreatic head resection and to assess whether the complication rate changed during the study period. METHODS Data of 301 patients undergoing pancreatic head(More)
We investigate hydrometeor habits at the AIDA chamber with a newly developed in-line holographic microscope HOLographic Imager for Microscopic Objects (HOLIMO). Sizes and habits of ice crystals and droplets in a mixed-phase cloud experiment are related to relative humidity with respect to ice (RH(ice)), temperature (T), and experiment time. This experiment(More)
AIM Description of the indications, surgical technique and postoperative complications of distal pancreatic resection. METHODS We analyzed the prospectively documented perioperative data of 41 patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy between 1994 and 2001. Indications for resection were chronic pancreatitis (n = 21), malignant or benign tumors (n = 19)(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinsonian patients (PP) have deficits in the preparation and execution of movements. It is generally accepted that PP show delayed performance of simple reaction time (SRT) paradigms due to impaired response preprogramming. To date, no trial considered putative effects of dopaminergic substitution on SRT performance in PP. OBJECTIVES To(More)
OBJECTIVES Impairment of glucose tolerance is one of the leading clinical presentations in patients with pancreatic carcinoma. The mechanism of disturbed glucose metabolism, however, is still under debate. Using microarray technology, key mechanisms of deregulated molecular functions of cancer cell-specific mRNAs and tumor-induced mRNAs in peritumorous(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been shown to protect several organs from ischemia–reperfusion injury. Postischemic microvascular dysfunction is considered to be the key mechanism of early graft pancreatitis after transplantation. The aim of the study was to determine whether brief ischemia and reperfusion before prolonged ischemia followed by(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion injury plays an important role in the development of graft pancreatitis and thrombosis after pancreas transplantation. Up to now there are few therapeutic options for this severe complication because very little is known about pancreatic ischemia/reperfusion injury. The same pathomechanisms may also be involved in the induction and(More)