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The increasing use of primary tumors as surrogate markers for prognosis and therapeutic decisions neglects evolutionary aspects of cancer progression. To address this problem, we studied the precursor cells of metastases directly for the identification of prognostic and therapeutic markers and prospectively analyzed single disseminated cancer cells from(More)
Tumor relapse occurs frequently in patients with ductal pancreatic head cancer despite the absence of residual tumor detectable at primary surgery. Therefore it has to be assumed that current tumor staging procedures fail to detect minimal amounts of disseminated tumor cells present in secondary organs, which might be the seed for subsequent metastatic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Anorectal abscesses are most frequently based on a coexistent fistula in ano. Whether these should be searched for and excised initially or not remains controversial. Our aim was to determine which approach has less recurrences and carries a lower risk of continence disorders. METHODS 158 patients with an anorectal abscess or anal fistula(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the expression and test the clinical significance of the epithelial cellular adhesion molecule (Ep-CAM) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) to check the suitability of esophageal SCC patients for Ep-CAM directed targeted therapies. METHODS The Ep-CAM expression was immunohistochemically investigated in 70 primary esophageal(More)
The liver has a large capacity for regeneration after resection. However, below a critical level of future liver remnant volume (FLRV), partial hepatectomy is accompanied by a significant increase of postoperative liver failure. There is accumulating evidence for the contribution of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) to participate in liver regeneration. Here(More)
PURPOSE The present prospective, randomized clinical trial compares the outcome of surgical hemorrhoidectomy according to Parks and Milligan-Morgan in terms of hospital stay, duration of incapacity to work, symptom relief, length of morbidity, and patient convenience. METHODS Thirty-four consecutive patients with third or fourth degree internal(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of concomitant nonhepatic portal hypertension in chronic pancreatitis on immediate and long-term outcome after major pancreatic surgery. METHODS A total of 154 patients (96 male, 58 female) with a history of pancreatitis of at least 12 months, severe incapacitating pain, and radiologic evidence of pancreatic head(More)
The impact of lymphatic micrometastases on prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer has not been clearly established. We therefore prospectively assessed the frequency, mode of mediastinal spread, and prognostic significance of lymphatic micrometastases in lymph nodes of 93 patients with completely resected non-small-cell lung cancer staged as pT1 to pT4 pN0(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Pancreas sparing-duodenectomy is an organ-preserving surgical procedure suitable for patients with premalignant or early malignant lesions of the duodenum. The surgical technique is challenging due to the close anatomical relationship between the pancreas and the duodenum. METHODOLOGY All patients undergoing pancreas-sparing duodenectomy(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of lymphadenectomy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The extent of lymphadenectomy in the treatment of NSCLC is still a matter of controversy. Although some centers perform mediastinal lymph node sampling (LS) with resection of only suspicious lymph nodes, others(More)