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The increasing use of primary tumors as surrogate markers for prognosis and therapeutic decisions neglects evolutionary aspects of cancer progression. To address this problem, we studied the precursor cells of metastases directly for the identification of prognostic and therapeutic markers and prospectively analyzed single disseminated cancer cells from(More)
BACKGROUND Current methods of disease staging often fail to detect small numbers of tumor cells in lymph nodes. Metastatic relapse may arise from these few cells. METHODS We studied 1308 lymph nodes from 68 patients with esophageal cancer without overt metastases who had undergone radical en bloc esophagectomy. A total of 399 lymph nodes obtained from 68(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Anorectal abscesses are most frequently based on a coexistent fistula in ano. Whether these should be searched for and excised initially or not remains controversial. Our aim was to determine which approach has less recurrences and carries a lower risk of continence disorders. METHODS 158 patients with an anorectal abscess or anal fistula(More)
Tumor relapse occurs frequently in patients with ductal pancreatic head cancer despite the absence of residual tumor detectable at primary surgery. Therefore it has to be assumed that current tumor staging procedures fail to detect minimal amounts of disseminated tumor cells present in secondary organs, which might be the seed for subsequent metastatic(More)
PURPOSE Locally advanced colorectal cancer often requires extended resection to radically remove all tumor. This is the only chance for cure in these patients, but a higher complication rate would be expected. To evaluate the overall benefit for the patient, this study assesses morbidity and mortality as well as long-term survival of patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the expression and test the clinical significance of the epithelial cellular adhesion molecule (Ep-CAM) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) to check the suitability of esophageal SCC patients for Ep-CAM directed targeted therapies. METHODS The Ep-CAM expression was immunohistochemically investigated in 70 primary esophageal(More)
PURPOSE To determine the frequency and the potential clinical use of HER2 (17q21) gene amplification and chromosome 17 aneuploidy in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Serial tissue sections of 50 resected PDACs were analyzed with chromogenic in situ hybridization using locus-specific HER2 probes and centromeric probes for(More)
PURPOSE Data on skip metastases and their significance are lacking for esophageal cancer. This issue is important to determine the extent of lymphadenectomy for esophageal resection. In this study we examined the lymphatic spread in esophageal cancer by routine histopathology and by immunohistochemistry. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 1,584 resected(More)
The liver has a large capacity for regeneration after resection. However, below a critical level of future liver remnant volume (FLRV), partial hepatectomy is accompanied by a significant increase of postoperative liver failure. There is accumulating evidence for the contribution of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) to participate in liver regeneration. Here(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of lymphadenectomy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The extent of lymphadenectomy in the treatment of NSCLC is still a matter of controversy. Although some centers perform mediastinal lymph node sampling (LS) with resection of only suspicious lymph nodes, others(More)