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This paper assesses the cost and benefits of extensions in the duration of unemployment insurance (UI) benefits in recessions. Using multiple sharp eligibility thresholds by age in the German UI system we obtain regression discontinuity estimates for the effect of extensions in the duration of UI benefits. Using the universe of unemployment spells and(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
The working papers published in the Series constitute work in progress circulated to stimulate discussion and critical comments. Views expressed represent exclusively the authors' own opinions and do not necessarily reflect those of the RWI. Die Deutsche Bibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte(More)
Clozapine (CLO), an atypical antipsychotic, depends mainly on cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) for its metabolic clearance. Four patients treated with CLO, who were smokers, were nonresponders and had low plasma levels while receiving usual doses. Their plasma levels to dose ratios of CLO (median; range, 0.34; 0.22 to 0.40 ng x day/mL x mg) were significantly(More)
1 For datasets considered for public release, statistical agencies have to face the dilemma of guaranteeing the confidentiality of survey respondents on the one hand and offering sufficiently detailed data for scientific use on the other hand. For that reason a variety of methods that address this problem can be found in the literature. In this paper we(More)