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Cadherins are calcium-dependent cell adhesion molecules containing extracellular repeats of approximately 110 amino acids. The three-dimensional structure of the amino-terminal repeat of mouse epithelial cadherin was determined by multidimensional heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The calcium ion was bound by a short alpha helix and by loops at(More)
TFIIB is an essential component of the machinery that transcribes protein-coding genes. The three-dimensional structure of the human TFIIB core domain (TFIIBc) has been determined using multidimensional heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The molecule consists of two direct repeats that adopt similar alpha-helical folds, conferring pseudo-twofold(More)
Vertebrates have a unique 3D body shape in which correct tissue and organ shape and alignment are essential for function. For example, vision requires the lens to be centred in the eye cup which must in turn be correctly positioned in the head. Tissue morphogenesis depends on force generation, force transmission through the tissue, and response of tissues(More)
General transcription factor TFIID consists of TATA box-binding protein (TBP) and TBP-associated factors (TAF(II)s), which together play a central role in both positive and negative regulation of transcription. The N-terminal region of the 230 kDa Drosophila TAF(II) (dTAF(II)230) binds directly to TBP and inhibits TBP binding to the TATA box. We report here(More)
BopE is a type III secreted protein from Burkholderia pseudomallei, the aetiological agent of melioidosis, a severe emerging infection. BopE is a GEF (guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor) for the Rho GTPases Cdc42 (cell division cycle 42) and Rac1. We have determined the structure of BopE catalytic domain (amino acids 78-261) by NMR spectroscopy and it shows(More)
The chemotaxis inhibitory protein of Staphylococcus aureus (CHIPS) is reported to bind to the receptors for C5a and formylated peptides and has been proposed as a promising lead for the development of new anti-inflammatory compounds. Here we have examined the receptor specificity and mode of action of recombinant CHIPS(28-149) and also the immune response(More)
We recently characterized an interaction between the Staphylococcus aureus immune evasion molecule Staphylococcus aureus binder of Ig (Sbi) and complement C3, an interaction mediated primarily through the binding of C3d(g) to Sbi domain IV. Events related to these studies prompted us to investigate via mutagenesis the binding interface of C3d for Sbi domain(More)
Among the recently discovered Staphylococcus aureus immune evasion proteins, Sbi is unique in its ability to interact with components of both the adaptive and innate immune systems of the host. Sbi domains I and II (Sbi-I and Sbi-II) bind IgG. Sbi domain IV (residues 198-266) binds the central complement protein C3. When linked to Sbi-III, Sbi-IV induces a(More)
The structure of the complement-binding domain of Staphylococcus aureus protein Sbi (Sbi-IV) in complex with ligand C3d is presented. The 1.7Å resolution structure reveals the molecular details of the recognition of thioester-containing fragment C3d of the central complement component C3, involving interactions between residues of Sbi-IV helix α2 and the(More)
BACKGROUND Photorhabdus are Gram-negative nematode-symbiotic and insect-pathogenic bacteria. The species Photorhabdus asymbiotica is able to infect humans as well as insects. We investigated the secreted proteome of a clinical isolate of P. asymbiotica at different temperatures in order to identify proteins relevant to the infection of the two different(More)