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Cadherins are calcium-dependent cell adhesion molecules containing extracellular repeats of approximately 110 amino acids. The three-dimensional structure of the amino-terminal repeat of mouse epithelial cadherin was determined by multidimensional heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The calcium ion was bound by a short alpha helix and by loops at(More)
TFIIB is an essential component of the machinery that transcribes protein-coding genes. The three-dimensional structure of the human TFIIB core domain (TFIIBc) has been determined using multidimensional heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The molecule consists of two direct repeats that adopt similar alpha-helical folds, conferring pseudo-twofold(More)
General transcription factor TFIID consists of TATA box-binding protein (TBP) and TBP-associated factors (TAF(II)s), which together play a central role in both positive and negative regulation of transcription. The N-terminal region of the 230 kDa Drosophila TAF(II) (dTAF(II)230) binds directly to TBP and inhibits TBP binding to the TATA box. We report here(More)
Human TFIIB, an essential factor in transcription of protein-coding genes by RNA polymerase II, consists of an amino-terminal zinc binding domain (TFIIBn) connected by a linker of about 60 residues to a carboxy-terminal core domain (TFIIBc). The TFIIB core domain has two internally repeated motifs, each comprising five alpha-helices arranged as in the(More)
The chemotaxis inhibitory protein of Staphylococcus aureus (CHIPS) is reported to bind to the receptors for C5a and formylated peptides and has been proposed as a promising lead for the development of new anti-inflammatory compounds. Here we have examined the receptor specificity and mode of action of recombinant CHIPS(28-149) and also the immune response(More)
Vertebrates have a unique 3D body shape in which correct tissue and organ shape and alignment are essential for function. For example, vision requires the lens to be centred in the eye cup which must in turn be correctly positioned in the head. Tissue morphogenesis depends on force generation, force transmission through the tissue, and response of tissues(More)
SopE and SopE2 are delivered by the Salmonella type III secretion system into eukaryotic cells to promote cell invasion. SopE and SopE2 are potent guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for Rho GTPases Cdc42 and Rac1 and constitute a novel class of Rho GEFs. Although the sequence of SopE-like GEFs is not at all homologous to those of the Dbl homology(More)
A high-resolution three-dimensional solution structure of parsley plastocyanin has been determined using 1H-NMR-derived data. An ensemble of 30 conformers has been calculated, exhibiting an atomic root mean square distribution about the mean coordinate positions of 0.37 +/- 0.03 A for backbone atoms and 0.75 +/- 0.04 A for all heavy atoms. (These values(More)
The evasion of the host immune response is central to the pathogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus, and is facilitated by the ability of the cell wall-associated protein A (SpA) to bind immunoglobulin G Fc fragments, thereby impeding phacocytosis and classical pathway complement fixation. SpA also acts as a B-cell superantigen through interactions with the(More)