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17 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta-HSD) is an enzyme crucial to the regulation of intracellular levels of biologically active steroid hormones in a variety of tissues. Here, we report the isolation, structure, and characterization of a cDNA encoding the human 17 beta-HSD type 2. A 1.4-kilobase cDNA was identified, and DNA sequence analysis(More)
The conversion of cholesterol into bile acids in the liver represents the major catabolic pathway for the removal of cholesterol from the body. In this complex biosynthetic pathway, at least 10 enzymes modify both the ring structure and side chain of cholesterol, resulting in the formation of the primary bile acids, cholic acid, and chenodeoxycholic acid.(More)
The cDNAs for two separate human 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (17 beta-HSD) have been isolated and sequenced. The well-studied human placental cytosolic 17 beta-HSD (also referred to as estradiol dehydrogenase) preferentially catalyzes the reduction of estrone to estradiol-17 beta and the reduction of the C-20-ketone of progesterone to 20(More)
Aberrant aromatase expression in stromal cells of endometriosis gives rise to conversion of circulating androstenedione to estrone in this tissue, whereas aromatase expression is absent in the eutopic endometrium. In this study, we initially demonstrated by Northern blotting transcripts of the reductive 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17betaHSD) type(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) according to guidelines of today seems considerably higher than has been reported also in recent literature. AIM To estimate the prevalence of COPD as defined by British Thoracic Society (BTS) criteria and the recent global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease (GOLD)(More)
Defects in the conversion of androstenedione to testosterone in the fetal testes by the enzyme 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta-HSD) give rise to genetic males with female external genitalia. We have used expression cloning to isolate cDNAs encoding a microsomal 17 beta-HSD type 3 isozyme that shares 23% sequence identity with other 17 beta-HSD(More)
The conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone by steroid 5 alpha-reductase is a key reaction in androgen action, and is essential both for the formation of the male phenotype during embryogenesis and for androgen-mediated growth of tissues such as the prostate. Single gene defects that impair this conversion lead to pseudohermaphroditism in which(More)
The microsomal enzyme steroid 5 alpha-reductase is responsible for the conversion of testosterone into the more potent androgen dihydrotestosterone. In man, this steroid acts on a variety of androgen-responsive target tissues to mediate such diverse endocrine processes as male sexual differentiation in the fetus and prostatic growth in men. Here we describe(More)
The rate-limiting step in bile acid biosynthesis is catalyzed by the microsomal cytochrome P-450 cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (7 alpha-hydroxylase). The expression of this enzyme is subject to feedback regulation by sterols and is thought to be coordinately regulated with enzymes in the cholesterol supply pathways, including the low density lipoprotein(More)
The type 2 isoform of human 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17betaHSD2) efficiently catalyzes the oxidative metabolism of androgens and estrogens, and it is expressed in a large series of human peripheral tissues. To obtain a better understanding of the regulation of local steroid biosynthesis and metabolism in human tissues, we have established a dual(More)