Stefan Bäder

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In order to investigate haemodynamic response and catecholamine release during anaesthesia with xenon, we conducted a study on 28 pigs which were allocated randomly to one of four groups: total i.v. anaesthesia with pentobarbitone and buprenorphine, and xenon anaesthesia with inspiratory concentrations of 30%, 50% or 70%, respectively, supplemented with(More)
Electrophysiological investigations of the spinal cord in animals have shown that pain sensitizes the central nervous system via glutamate receptor dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) related to an enhancement of pain perception. To expand these findings, we used functional magnetic resonance (fMRI), blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) and perfusion(More)
BACKGROUND Because of its high density and viscosity, xenon (Xe) may influence respiratory mechanics when used as an inhaled anesthetic. Therefore the authors studied respiratory mechanics during xenon and nitrous oxide (N2O) anesthesia before and during methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction. METHODS Sixteen pentobarbital-anesthetized pigs initially(More)
BACKGROUND Xenon is a noble gas with anesthetic properties currently under investigation for use in humans. This study was performed to evaluate whether xenon may trigger malignant hyperthermia in susceptible swine. METHODS Nine malignant hyperthermia-sensitive swine (Pietrain) were initially anesthetized with pentobarbital and then ventilated with 70%(More)
BACKGROUND Improvement of working conditions and anaesthesia with closed systems includes reduction of gas leaks during anaesthesia. One source of contamination is the permeation of gases through plastic materials. The volume of gas permeating through a polymer depends on its molecular structure, the solubility and the diffusion coefficient. METHODS We(More)
The treatment of acute lung injury and septic complications after blunt chest trauma remains a challenge. Inhaled hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) may cause a hibernation-like metabolic state, which refers to an attenuated systemic inflammatory response. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that inhaled H₂S-induced suspended animation may attenuate the inflammation(More)
This article presents a novel exposure apparatus that allows the exposure of cultured cells to volatile chemicals, e.g., inhalation anesthetics. The apparatus consists of an exposure chamber and a tightly linked vaporizer unit with pumps and valves allowing adjustable fluxes of mixtures of test chemicals and carrier gas under open and closed-circuit(More)
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