Stefan Amlacher

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Despite decades of research, the structure and assembly of the nuclear pore complex (NPC), which is composed of ∼30 nucleoporins (Nups), remain elusive. Here, we report the genome of the thermophilic fungus Chaetomium thermophilum (ct) and identify the complete repertoire of Nups therein. The thermophilic proteins show improved properties for structural and(More)
Facilitates chromatin transcription (FACT) is a conserved histone chaperone that reorganizes nucleosomes and ensures chromatin integrity during DNA transcription, replication and repair. Key to the broad functions of FACT is its recognition of histones H2A-H2B (ref. 2). However, the structural basis for how histones H2A-H2B are recognized and how this(More)
Ribosome-associated chaperones act in early folding events during protein synthesis. Structural information is available for prokaryotic chaperones (such as trigger factor), but structural understanding of these processes in eukaryotes lags far behind. Here we present structural analyses of the eukaryotic ribosome-associated complex (RAC) from Saccharomyces(More)
Tail-anchored (TA) membrane proteins are involved in a variety of important cellular functions, including membrane fusion, protein translocation, and apoptosis. The ATPase Get3 (Asna1, TRC40) was identified recently as the endoplasmic reticulum targeting factor of TA proteins. Get3 consists of an ATPase and alpha-helical subdomain enriched in methionine and(More)
Ribosomal proteins are synthesized in the cytoplasm, before nuclear import and assembly with ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Little is known about coordination of nucleocytoplasmic transport with ribosome assembly. Here, we identify a transport adaptor, symportin 1 (Syo1), that facilitates synchronized coimport of the two 5S-rRNA binding proteins Rpl5 and Rpl11. In(More)
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) influence gene expression besides their established function in nuclear transport. The TREX-2 complex localizes to the NPC basket and affects gene-NPC interactions, transcription, and mRNA export. How TREX-2 regulates the gene expression machinery is unknown. Here, we show that TREX-2 interacts with the Mediator complex, an(More)
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) mediate transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm. NPCs are composed of ∼30 nucleoporins (Nups), most of which are organized in stable subcomplexes. How these modules are interconnected within the large NPC framework has been unknown. Here we show a mechanism of how supercomplexes can form between NPC modules. The Nup192(More)
Maturation of iron-sulphur (Fe/S) proteins involves complex biosynthetic machinery. In vivo synthesis of [2Fe-2S] clusters on the mitochondrial scaffold protein Isu1 requires the cysteine desulphurase complex Nfs1-Isd11, frataxin, ferredoxin Yah1 and its reductase Arh1. The roles of Yah1-Arh1 have remained enigmatic, because they are not required for in(More)
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) embedded in the double nuclear membrane mediate the entire nucleocytoplasmic transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Each NPC is composed of about 30 different proteins (nucleoporins or Nups), which exist in multiple (8, 16 or 32) copies within the NPC scaffold. Recently, we have identified and characterized the large(More)
Tail-anchored proteins play important roles in protein translocation, membrane fusion and apoptosis. They are targeted to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane via the guided-entry of tail-anchored proteins (Get) pathway. We present the 2A crystal structure of Get4 which participates in early steps of the Get pathway. The structure shows an alpha-solenoid fold(More)