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Loss of DNA mismatch repair occurs in many types of tumors. The effect of the loss of DNA mismatch repair activity on sensitivity to cisplatin and a panel of analogues was tested using two pairs of cell lines proficient or deficient in this function. HCT116+ch2, a human colon cancer cell line deficient in hMLH1, was 2.1-fold resistant to cisplatin and(More)
  • S Aebi, B Kurdi-Haidar, +8 authors S B Howell
  • 1996
Selection of cells for resistance to cisplatin, a well-recognized mutagen, could result in mutations in genes involved in DNA mismatch repair and thereby to resistance to DNA-alkylating agents. Parental cells of the human ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line 2008 expressed hMLH1 when analyzed with immunoblot. One subline selected for resistance to cisplatin(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of breast cancer in very young women is generally considered to be unfavourable. Therefore, the outcome of adjuvant therapy was analysed in a population of young (<35 years) premenopausal patients treated in four randomised controlled trials. METHODS Between 1978 and 1993 the International Breast Cancer Study Group (IBCSG) treated(More)
Elements of the Notch pathway regulate differentiation; we investigated the expression of such elements in epithelial ovarian tumours. A total of 32 ovarian tumour samples (17 adenocarcinomas, three borderline tumours, 12 adenomas), two human ovarian cancer (A2780, OVCAR3), and one ovarian surface (IOSE 144) cell lines were analysed. The expression of Notch(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular characterization of breast and other cancers by gene expression profiling has corroborated existing classifications and revealed novel subtypes. Most profiling studies are based on fresh frozen (FF) tumor material which is available only for a limited number of samples while thousands of tumor samples exist as formalin-fixed,(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the ability of CA15-3 and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to predict breast cancer recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from seven International Breast Cancer Study Group trials were combined. The primary end point was relapse-free survival (RFS) (time from randomization to first breast cancer recurrence), and analyses included 3953(More)
Loss of DNA mismatch repair is a common finding in hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer as well as in many types of sporadic human tumours. We compared the effect of loss of DNA mismatch repair on drug sensitivity as measured by a clonogenic assay with its effect on the ability of the same drug to enrich for mismatch repair-deficient cells in a(More)
hMLH1 and hPMS2 are part of the DNA mismatch repair complex. Mutations in these genes have been linked to hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer; they also occur in a variety of sporadic cancers. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that hMLH1 and hPMS2 are widely expressed nuclear proteins with a distribution pattern very similar to(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer is frequently lethal despite aggressive multimodal therapy, and new therapies are therefore needed. Retinoids are potential candidate drugs: they prevent the development of ovarian carcinoma and enhance the efficacy of cytotoxic drugs in ovarian cancer cells. At present, little is known about the retinoid receptor expression in(More)
Due to the limited clinical experience there is no standard treatment of primary CNS-lymphomas (PCNSL). Based on the actual data it seems that high-dose methotrexate (HTMRX) and high-dose cytarabine (ARA-C) qualify as treatments of choice for this disease. The role of radiation therapy is still unclear, due to the high long-term toxicity, especially in(More)