Stefan A Lombaard

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BACKGROUND Management of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), including pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators, for surgical procedures is challenging due to the increasing number of patients with CIEDs and limited availability of trained providers. At the authors' institution, a small group of anesthesiologists were(More)
Elderly patients are increasingly referred for complex surgery, but are at particular risk for coronary artery disease. One strategy to prevent perioperative cardiac events in elderly patients is to employ perioperative beta-blockade, but doing so has the potential to increase the incidence of congestive heart failure, perioperative hypotension,(More)
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