Steeve Cruchet

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Collective behaviour enhances environmental sensing and decision-making in groups of animals. Experimental and theoretical investigations of schooling fish, flocking birds and human crowds have demonstrated that simple interactions between individuals can explain emergent group dynamics. These findings indicate the existence of neural circuits that support(More)
AIMS In the adult heart, Notch signalling regulates the response to injury. Notch inhibition leads to increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and exacerbates the development of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. The role of Notch in the mesenchymal stromal cell fraction, which contains cardiac fibroblasts and cardiac precursor cells, is, however, largely unknown.(More)
N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) is the most widely used insect repellent, but it requires repeated application at high, potentially harmful, concentrations, which is prohibitively impractical and costly in the countries suffering most from insect vector-borne diseases1; understanding DEET’s mode of action might help identify improved alternatives. Kain et(More)
Animals adapt their behaviors to specific ecological niches, but the genetic and cellular basis of nervous system evolution is poorly understood. We have compared the olfactory circuits of the specialist Drosophila sechellia-which feeds exclusively on Morinda citrifolia fruit-with its generalist cousins D. melanogaster and D. simulans. We show that D.(More)
The specific sensitization of tumor cells to the apoptotic response induced by genotoxins is a promising way of increasing the efficacy of chemotherapies. The RasGAP-derived fragment N2, while not regulating apoptosis in normal cells, potently sensitizes tumor cells to cisplatin- and other genotoxin-induced cell death. Here we show that fragment N2 in(More)
The neural mechanisms determining the timing of even simple actions, such as when to walk or rest, are largely mysterious. One intriguing, but untested, hypothesis posits a role for ongoing activity fluctuations in neurons of central action selection circuits that drive animal behavior from moment to moment. To examine how fluctuating activity can(More)
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