Steen Brøndsted Nielsen

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The absorption spectra of two photoactive yellow protein model chromophores have been measured in vacuum using an electrostatic ion storage ring. The absorption spectrum of the isolated chromophore is an important reference for deducing the influence of the protein environment on the electronic energy levels of the chromophore and separating the intrinsic(More)
Synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD) spectra were recorded for a family of 12 DNA duplexes that all contain nine adenines (A) and nine thymines (T) in each strand but in different combinations. The total number of AT Watson-Crick (WC) base pairs is constant (18), but the number of cross-strand (CS) hydrogen bonds between A and T varies between 0(More)
The strong UV chromophores thymine (Thy) and uracil (Ura) have identical heteroaromatic rings that only differ by one methyl substituent. While their photophysics has been elucidated in detail, the effect on the excited states of base protonation and single water molecules is less explored. Here we report gas-phase absorption spectra of ThyH(+) and UraH(+)(More)
The excited-state physics of the firefly luciferin anion depends on its chemical environment, and it is therefore important to establish the intrinsic behavior of the bare ion. Here we report electronic absorption spectra of the anion isolated in vacuo obtained at an electrostatic ion storage ring and an accelerator mass spectrometer where ionic(More)
A molecule's color is governed by the nature of its electronic transitions. Herein we show that the degree of charge transfer can be assessed by measuring the change in absorption induced by complexation with the betaine zwitterion. Our approach benefits from direct formation of complexes by electrospray of a mixture solution, followed by photodissociation(More)
A relatively simple setup for collection and detection of light emitted from isolated photo-excited molecular ions has been constructed. It benefits from a high collection efficiency of photons, which is accomplished by using a cylindrical ion trap where one end-cap electrode is a mesh grid combined with an aspheric condenser lens. The geometry permits(More)
Nile blue is used extensively in biology as a histological stain and fluorescent probe. Its absorption and emission spectra are strongly solvent dependent, with variations larger than 100 nm. The molecule is charged due to an iminium group, and it is therefore an obvious target for gas-phase ion spectroscopy. Here we report the absorption and emission(More)
Excited-state potential energy surfaces of adenine, protonated adenine, and their N9-methylated analogs are explored by means of a complete active space (CAS) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) study to understand the dynamics associated with internal conversion. After photoexcitation of the ground-state molecules to the S(1) state, the(More)
The lifetimes of both deprotonated adenosine 5(')-monophosphate (AMP) and protonated AMP, after 266-nm photon absorption and intramolecular vibrational redistribution, were determined to be 16 micros based on a newly developed heavy-ion storage ring technique. Protonation of the adenine nucleobase seriously affects the fragmentation mechanism: the major(More)
Fragmentation of singly charged anions of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP-) induced by collisions with neutral atoms (Ne, Na) has been studied at a collision energy of 50 keV. The experiments were performed with isolated AMP- as well as with AMP- anions nanosolvated in a cluster with a given number m of water molecules. In the first case, the dominant(More)