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The diagnosis of Noonan syndrome is essentially clinical, based upon the distinct phenotype and the involvement of the cardiovascular system. Tumor development is a rare manifestation of Noonan syndrome but can be explained by the molecular pathophysiology involved in the disorder. We present three Noonan patients who developed solid tumors. The first(More)
The clinical understanding of the CDKL5 disorder remains limited, with most information being derived from small patient groups seen at individual centres. This study uses a large international data collection to describe the clinical profile of the CDKL5 disorder and compare with Rett syndrome (RTT). Information on individuals with cyclin-dependent(More)
Classic Rett Syndrome (RS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder due to mutations in the MECP2 gene in Xq28. Atypical RS with severe early-onset encephalopathy and therapy-resistant epilepsy can be due to mutations in the CDKL5 (Cyclin-Dependent Kinase-like 5) gene in Xp22. We here report a 14-year-old female with a RS-like clinical picture, and well-controlled(More)
Rare, atypical, and undiagnosed autosomal-recessive disorders frequently occur in the offspring of consanguineous couples. Current routine diagnostic genetic tests fail to establish a diagnosis in many cases. We employed exome sequencing to identify the underlying molecular defects in patients with unresolved but putatively autosomal-recessive disorders in(More)
Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) is currently considered a first-tier diagnostic assay for the investigation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), developmental delay and intellectual disability of unknown etiology. High-resolution arrays were utilized for the identification of copy number variations (CNVs) in 195 ASD patients of Greek origin (126 males,(More)
Schimke immunoosseous dysplasia (SIOD), which is characterized by prominent spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, T-cell deficiency, and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, is a panethnic autosomal recessive multisystem disorder with variable expressivity. Biallelic mutations in switch/sucrose nonfermenting (swi/snf) related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent(More)
Sotos syndrome is characterized by tall stature, advanced bone age, typical facial abnormalities, and developmental delay. The associated gene is NSD1. The study involved 22 patients who fulfilled the clinical criteria. Phenotypic characteristics, central nervous system findings, and cardiovascular and urinary tract abnormalities were evaluated.(More)
BACKGROUND Sotos syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by tall stature, advanced bone age, typical morphological abnormalities of the face and developmental delay. It is caused by mutations in the NSD1 gene located on chromosome 5. NSD1 mutations are detected in the majority of the Sotos patients, and include intragenic NSD1 mutations and(More)
Recently, pathogenic variants in the MLL2 gene were identified as the most common cause of Kabuki (Niikawa-Kuroki) syndrome (MIM#147920). To further elucidate the genotype-phenotype correlation, we studied a large cohort of 86 clinically defined patients with Kabuki syndrome (KS) for mutations in MLL2. All patients were assessed using a standardized(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the MECP2 gene (methyl-CpG-binding protein-2) are responsible for 60-95% of cases of Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder affecting mostly girls. Classic RTT is characterized by normal early development followed by psychomotor regression and onset of microcephaly, although variant forms are also(More)