Stavroula Lyra

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UNLABELLED Pituitary abscess is a rare life-threating entity that is usually misdiagnosed as a pituitary tumor with a definite diagnosis only made postoperatively. Over the last several decades, advances in healthcare have led to a significant decrease in morbidity and mortality due to pituitary abscess. We report a case of a 34-year-old woman who was(More)
Demyelinating diseases cause destruction of the myelin sheath, while axons are relatively spared. Pathologically, demyelination can be the result of an inflammatory process, viral infection, acquired metabolic derangement and ischemic insult. Three diseases that can cause inflammatory demyelination of the CNS are: Multiple sclerosis (MS), Acute disseminated(More)
Hypertensive brain stem encephalopathy is a rare disorder that can be seen in severe hypertensive encephalopathy. Patients with chronic renal failure are more prone to develop this disorder because a mild elevation of the blood pressure can already induce brain changes. It is important to diagnose this entity as soon as possible because the symptoms and(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to investigate the incidence and location of new cerebral ischemic lesions after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI). METHODS Sixty-six consecutive patients (50 males with a mean [±SD] age of 69 ± 9 years) who underwent CEA were included in this prospective study. Seventeen(More)
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE This case highlights the fact that acute pituitary apoplexy may be misdiagnosed due to being confused with other entities exhibiting similar symptoms, such as meningitis or subarachnoid hemorrhage. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A patient in his late 30s presented with sudden and severe frontal headache, fever, blurred vision, nausea,(More)
To examine, if case series considered together with observational studies tend to produce similar results as randomized-controlled trials (RCTs), on recurrent hernia repair. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis between 1990 and 2013 revealed 46 nonrandomized studies (NRCTs) and 5 RCTs including 25,730 patients. A direct comparison of the summary(More)
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