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Immunologically mediated thrombocytopenia is a frequent clinical manifestation in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Autoantibodies targeting platelet membrane glucoproteins have a central role in peripheral platelet destruction. Autoantibodies against thrombopoietin are also present in about one-third of patients, but their pathogenetic role(More)
We consider the problem of the global convergence of gradient-based optimization algorithms for interstitial high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy dose optimization using variance-based objectives. Possible local minima could lead to only sub-optimal solutions. We perform a configuration space analysis using a representative set of the entire non-dominated(More)
Suppression of uninvolved immunoglobulins is common in multiple myeloma (MM) but the prognostic significance of this phenomenon has not been assessed. We evaluated the prognostic significance of the preservation of uninvolved immunoglobulins in 1755 consecutive, unselected, patients with newly diagnosed, symptomatic MM with pre-therapy immunoglobulin levels(More)
BACKGROUND Because of its long-term effectiveness in clinical practice, methotrexate (MTX) is currently the preferred disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) for patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RRA). However, many patients do not experience remission and continue to have signs and symptoms of active disease while receiving a maximally(More)
A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out to compare the frequency of clinically significant outcomes between JAK2 V617F positive and wild type patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET). JAK2 V617F positivity in patients with ET was associated with a clear increase in the odds of thrombosis [OR=1.83 (95% CI, 1.32-2.53), p<0.0001], and much(More)
We have studied the accuracy of statistical parameters of dose distributions in brachytherapy using actual clinical implants. These include the mean, minimum and maximum dose values and the variance of the dose distribution inside the PTV (planning target volume), and on the surface of the PTV. These properties have been studied as a function of the number(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a disorder characterized by decreased serum immunoglobulin concentrations and increased incidence of recurrent infections. Interestingly 20-25% of patients with CVID develop clinical features suggestive of an autoimmune disease. Although this association is well established, the immunodeficiency background of CVID(More)
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), an acquired clonal disorder of haemopoietic progenitor cells, is characterized by haemopoietic insufficiency associated with cytopenias, leading to serious morbidity plus the additional risk of leukaemic transformation. In MDS an acquired insult to the haemopoietic stem cell leads to impaired differentiation and(More)
Haematological abnormalities are common in systemic lupus erythematosus. Anaemia is found in about 50% of patients, with anaemia of chronic disease being the most common form. Impaired erythropoietin response and presence of antibodies against erythropoietin may contribute to the pathogenesis of this type of anaemia. Patients with autoimmune haemolytic(More)
Glutathione-S-transferace polymorphisms may make hematopoietic lineage cells susceptible to genotoxicity following exposure to heavy metals or benzene. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to define the effect of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null polymorphisms on MDS risk. We searched the PubMed and SCOPUS databases to identify peer-reviewed published(More)