Stavros Selemidis

Learn More
NADPH oxidases are a family of enzymes that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). The NOX1 (NADPH oxidase 1) and NOX2 oxidases are the major sources of ROS in the artery wall in conditions such as hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes and ageing, and so they are important contributors to the oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction and vascular(More)
Until the 1970s, reactive oxygen species (ROS) were considered merely harmful by-products of aerobic respiration and the driving force behind the evolution of an array of cellular antioxidant enzymes with the purpose of rapidly metabolising ROS to minimise their oxidising effects. However, the perception that ROS are only harmful to cells has since been(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 are expressed on gastrointestinal smooth muscle, but knowledge of their functionality is limited. The aim of this study was to determine if PAR-1 and PAR-2 mediate gastrointestinal smooth muscle relaxation and to clarify the underlying mechanisms. METHODS Responses to PAR activation using the(More)
Cerebral infarct volume is typically smaller in premenopausal females than in age-matched males after ischemic stroke, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study we provide evidence in mice that this gender difference only occurs when the ischemic brain is reperfused. The limited tissue salvage achieved by reperfusion in male mice is(More)
Influenza A virus pandemics and emerging anti-viral resistance highlight the urgent need for novel generic pharmacological strategies that reduce both viral replication and lung inflammation. We investigated whether the primary enzymatic source of inflammatory cell ROS (reactive oxygen species), Nox2-containing NADPH oxidase, is a novel pharmacological(More)
All methods used for quantitation of superoxide have limitations when it comes to differentiating between extracellular and intracellular sites of superoxide production. In the present study, we monitored dihydroethidium (DHE)-derived fluorescence at 570 nm, which indicates hydroxyethidium derived from reaction with superoxide produced by human leukemia(More)
The Nox family NADPH oxidases are reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating enzymes that are strongly implicated in atherogenesis. However, no studies have examined which Nox isoform(s) are involved. Here we investigated the role of the Nox2-containing NADPH oxidase in atherogenesis in apolipoprotein E-null (ApoE(-/-)) mice. Wild-type (C57Bl6/J), ApoE(-/-),(More)
Since cytochrome P(450)-derived metabolites of arachidonic acid and K(+) have been implicated in endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-dependent responses, the aim of this study was to determine whether such factors contribute to non-nitric oxide (NO), endothelium-dependent relaxation to bradykinin (BK) in bovine isolated coronary artery. In(More)
Influenza A virus infection is an ongoing clinical problem and thus, there is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms that regulate the lung inflammation in order to unravel novel generic pharmacological strategies. Evidence indicates that the Nox2-containing NADPH oxidase enzyme promotes influenza A virus-induced lung oxidative stress, inflammation and(More)