Stavros Selemidis

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Influenza A virus pandemics and emerging anti-viral resistance highlight the urgent need for novel generic pharmacological strategies that reduce both viral replication and lung inflammation. We investigated whether the primary enzymatic source of inflammatory cell ROS (reactive oxygen species), Nox2-containing NADPH oxidase, is a novel pharmacological(More)
Influenza A virus infection is an ongoing clinical problem and thus, there is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms that regulate the lung inflammation in order to unravel novel generic pharmacological strategies. Evidence indicates that the Nox2-containing NADPH oxidase enzyme promotes influenza A virus-induced lung oxidative stress, inflammation and(More)
Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a prevalent bacterium found in a variety of chronic respiratory diseases. The role of this bacterium in the pathogenesis of lung inflammation is not well defined. In this study we examined the effect of NTHi on two important lung inflammatory processes 1), oxidative stress and 2), protease expression.(More)
Prostate cancer continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in men, but a method for accurate prognosis in these patients is yet to be developed. The recent discovery of altered endosomal biogenesis in prostate cancer has identified a fundamental change in the cell biology of this cancer, which holds great promise for the identification of(More)
Nox2 oxidase is one isoform in a family of seven NADPH oxidases that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and thereby contribute to physiological and pathological processes including host defense, redox signaling and oxidative tissue damage. While alternative mRNA splicing has been shown to influence the activity of several Nox-family proteins,(More)
Influenza A virus (IAV) infections are a common cause of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Oxidative stress is increased in COPD, IAV-induced lung inflammation and AECOPD. Therefore, we investigated whether targeting oxidative stress with the Nox2 oxidase inhibitors and ROS scavengers, apocynin and ebselen could(More)
1. Changes in membrane potential following electrical field stimulation (EFS; 1, 2 and 5 pulses at 5 Hz, 0.5 ms duration, 60-80 V) of non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) inhibitory nerves in the rat isolated anococcygeus muscle were measured using standard intracellular recording techniques. Resting membrane potential ranged between -60 and -70 mV. 2. In(More)
1. The relative contribution of the putative transmitters, nitric oxide (NO) and an apamin-sensitive factor, possibly ATP, to inhibitory responses evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS; 0.2-5 Hz, 0.2 ms duration, supra-maximal voltage for 10 s) of non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) nerves was investigated in the guinea-pig isolated taenia coli(More)
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