Stavros Konstantinides

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OBJECTIVE Human obesity is associated with an increased risk for arterial and venous thrombosis and with elevated levels of leptin in the blood. Leptin administration promotes arterial thrombosis in mice, and leptin-deficient ob/ob mice have an attenuated thrombotic response to injury. Thus, endogenous leptin may regulate arterial and venous thrombosis in(More)
OBJECTIVE Human obesity is associated with elevated leptin levels and a high risk of death from cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we investigated the effects of leptin on vascular wound healing and arterial lesion growth in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Wild-type mice placed on an atherogenic, high-fat diet had elevated (9-fold) leptin levels(More)
AIM Thrombolytic therapy induces faster clot dissolution than anticoagulation in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) but is associated with an increased risk of haemorrhage. We reviewed the risks and benefits of thrombolytic therapy in the management of patients with acute PE. METHODS AND RESULTS We systematically reviewed randomized controlled(More)
Background—Population-based studies have shown that exercise reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, it is unknown whether these effects are solely a result of risk factor modification or whether exercise directly affects the homeostasis of the vessel wall. Methods and Results—We subjected 19-week-old apolipoprotein E (apoE)– knockout mice(More)
The adipokine leptin and its receptor are expressed in the heart, and leptin has been shown to promote cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro. Obesity is associated with hyperleptinemia and hypothalamic leptin resistance as well as an increased risk to develop cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. However, the role of cardiac leptin signaling in mediating the(More)
AIMS Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are chromatin filaments released by activated polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and decorated with granule proteins with various properties. Several lines of evidence implicate NETs in thrombosis. The functional significance and the in vivo relevance of NETs during atherothrombosis in humans have not been(More)
BACKGROUND Unstable carotid plaques cause cerebral emboli. Leptin promotes atherosclerosis and vessel wall remodeling. We hypothesized that carotid atherosclerotic lesion instability is associated with local leptin synthesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Carotid endarterectomy plaques from symptomatic (n=40) and asymptomatic patients with progressive stenosis(More)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease. The last three decades efforts have been made to elucidate the biochemical pathways that are implicated in the process of atherogenesis and plaque development. Chemokines are crucial mediators in every step of this process. Additionally, cellular components of the peripheral blood have been proved important(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of myocarditis continues to be a challenging task in clinical practice. The purpose of our study was to investigate cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnostic workup of ambulatory patients with the suspicion of early myocarditis after respiratory or gastrointestinal tract viral infection. The need for accurate(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested whether bedside testing for H-FABP is, alone or integrated in combination models, useful for rapid risk stratification of non-high-risk PE. METHODS We prospectively studied 136 normotensive patients with confirmed PE. H-FABP was determined using a qualitative bedside-test showing a positive result for plasma concentration >7 ng/ml. (More)