Stavros J. Baloyannis

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Morphological alterations of mitochondria may be related to metabolic and energy deficiency in neurons in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. Mitochondrial dysfunction is also a hallmark of beta peptide induced neuronal toxicity in Alzheimer's disease. A general change in glucose utilization, increased oxidative stress, and Ca;{2+}(More)
Alzheimer's disease is one of the main causes of cognitive impairment in the presenium and senium. Despite increased efforts in investigations of the aetiological background of the disease, most of the pathogenetic mechanisms remain unclear. From the morphological point of view, neurofibrillary degeneration and neuritic plaques, the main hallmarks of(More)
Substance P was infused in the lateral ventricles of twenty Lewis rats for twenty days. The animals under the influence of the substance P demonstrated grooming of the head, the body and the forepaws. On the twentieth day the animals were sacrificed and the cerebellar cortex was processed for electron microscopy. The ultrastructural analysis revealed that(More)
BACKGROUND It is believed that in Alzheimer's disease (AD) some areas of the brain are particularly vulnerable to specific degenerative processes and that they could exhibit neuronal dysfunction in the earliest stage of the disease. The implications of the hippocampus in memory processes are very well known and it is likely that the hippocampus would be(More)
Although the etiopathological background of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is mostly associated with the deposition of Αβ-peptide, the hyperphosphorylation of τ protein, the synaptic pathology and the mitochondrial alterations, the vascular factor may play substantial role in plotting the multifactorial pattern of the disease. We attempted to study the blood(More)
CONCLUSION The neuronal loss and the alteration of the synapses in the acoustic cortex in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) may be related to the impairment of communication and symbolic sound perception, which is noticed in the majority of the cases. OBJECTIVES FTD is a heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder, causing progressive decline of intellectual(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by progressive decline in memory and in social performance. The morphological hallmarks of the disease are neuronal loss, loss of dendritic spines, neurofibrillary degeneration and neuritic plaques mainly in the hippocampus and the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres. This study is based on(More)
The role of chronic inflammation in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been implied in a plethora of studies. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the immune alterations and the immunological markers in patients suffering from AD. IL-1alpha, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-alpha cytokine and helper/inducer (CD4),(More)
Morphological alterations of mitochondria may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, been associated with oxidative stress and Aβ-peptide-induced toxicity. We proceeded to estimation of mitochondria on electron micrographs of autopsy specimens of Alzheimer's disease. We found substantial morphological and morphometric changes of(More)