Stavia B Blunt

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The cause and mechanism of neuronal cell death in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are unknown. There is also controversy about whether the cell death results from a single event followed by cell loss consistent with aging or whether there is an ongoing pathologic process. Using postmortem tissue obtained from the Parkinson's(More)
Growth/differentiation factor 5 is a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, which has neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects on dopaminergic neurons both in vitro and in vivo. Here we investigate the effects of growth/differentiation factor 5 on foetal mesencephalic grafts transplanted into a rat model of Parkinson's disease, and(More)
Glial cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been shown to enhance the survival of dopaminergic neurones both in vitro and in vivo, and to protect the rodent dopaminergic system from neurotoxic damage. However, most previous studies have only examined the short-term protective effects of GDNF. We have investigated the long-term effects of GDNF on(More)
Growth/differentiation factor 5 (GDF5), a novel member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, promotes the survival of dopaminergic neurones in vitro. We present here the first evidence for a neuroprotective action of GDF5 in vivo. We investigated the effects of intracerebral administration of GDF5 on a rat model of Parkinson's disease. GDF5(More)
Two patients with presumed encephalitis lethargica are presented with clinical features suggestive of two forms of the disease described by Von Economo: One patient had a psychosis and a mute-akinetic syndrome associated with myoclonus. The second patient presented with a psychosis and fever, developing severe dyskinesias involving the mouth, trunk and(More)
In this study, we have examined the effects of chronic L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) administration on the remaining dopaminergic neurons in rats with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or buffered FeCl(3) partial lesions to the nigrostriatal tract. L-DOPA administration increased the turnover of dopamine in the striatum. L-DOPA administration for 1 week(More)
The effects of 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the nigrostriatal pathway on striatal serotonin (5-HT) innervation have been examined using immunohistochemistry in adult rats. One day after lesioning, a large number of swollen and densely stained 5-HT-immunoreactive fibers appeared around the lesion which was almost completely void of 5-HT-immunoreactivity.(More)
Growth/differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) is a neurotrophin which protects the rat nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway from 6-hydroxydopamine-induced damage. Here we used amphetamine-induced rotational testing, high-performance liquid chromatography and immunocytochemistry to investigate the minimum effective dose of GDF5. We also compared the effectiveness of(More)