Starr E. Hazard

Learn More
Heterotrimeric G-protein signaling systems are activated via cell surface receptors possessing the seven-membrane span motif. Several observations suggest the existence of other modes of stimulus input to heterotrimeric G-proteins. As part of an overall effort to identify such proteins we developed a functional screen based upon the pheromone response(More)
Sitosterolemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by (a) intestinal hyperabsorption of all sterols, including cholesterol and plant and shellfish sterols, and (b) impaired ability to excrete sterols into bile. Patients with this disease have expanded body pools of cholesterol and very elevated plasma plant-sterol species and frequently(More)
The molecular mechanisms regulating the amount of dietary cholesterol retained in the body, as well as the body's ability to exclude selectively other dietary sterols, are poorly understood. An average western diet will contain about 250-500 mg of dietary cholesterol and about 200-400 mg of non-cholesterol sterols. About 50-60% of the dietary cholesterol is(More)
The region of the duck IgH locus extending from upstream of the proximal diversity (D) segment to downstream of the constant gene cluster has been cloned and mapped. A sequence contig of 48,796 base pairs established that the organization of the genes is D-J(H)-mu-alpha-upsilon. No evidence for a functional homologue (or remnant) of a delta gene was found.(More)
The G-protein regulatory (GPR) motif in AGS3 was recently identified as a region for protein binding to heterotrimeric G-protein alpha subunits. To define the properties of this approximately 20-amino acid motif, we designed a GPR consensus peptide and determined its influence on the activation state of G-protein and receptor coupling to G-protein. The GPR(More)
CD59 is a membrane glycoprotein that regulates formation of the cytolytic membrane attack complex (MAC or C5b-9) on host cell membranes. It functions by binding to C8 (alpha chain) and C9 after their structural rearrangement during MAC assembly. Previous studies indicated that the CD59 binding site in C9 was located within a 25-residue disulfide-bonded(More)
The G-protein regulatory (GPR) motif, a conserved 25-30 amino acid domain found in multiple mammalian proteins, stabilizes the GDP-bound conformation of Galpha(i), inhibits guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTPgammaS) binding to Galpha(i) and competes for Gbetagamma binding to Galpha. To define the core GPR motif and key amino acid residues within a GPR(More)
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of bile acid biosynthesis. Clinically, CTX patients present with tendon xanthomas, juvenile cataracts, and progressive neurological dysfunction and can be diagnosed by the detection of elevated plasma cholestanol levels. CTX is caused by mutations affecting the sterol 27-hydroxylase(More)
Sitosterolemia is an autosomal recessive disorder that maps to the sitosterolemia locus, STSL, on human chromosome 2p21. Two genes, ABCG5 and ABCG8, comprise the STSL and mutations in either cause sitosterolemia. ABCG5 and ABCG8 are thought to have evolved by gene duplication event and are arranged in a head-to-head configuration. We report here a detailed(More)
ABCG5 and ABCG8 are two ATP-binding cassette half-transporters that belong to the G family members. They were identified as proteins that are mutated in a rare human disorder, sitosterolemia, and their identification led to the completion of the physiological pathways by which dietary cholesterol, as well as noncholesterol sterols, traffics in the mammalian(More)