Stanley Zucker

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Experimental studies performed prior to 1990 led to the widely held belief that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) produced by cancer cells are of critical importance in tumor invasion and metastasis. Based on this evidence, the pharmaceutical industry produced several well tolerated, orally active MMP inhibitors (MMPIs) which demonstrated efficacy in mouse(More)
Many of the tumor-associated matrix metalloproteinases that are implicated in metastasis are produced by stromal fibroblasts within or surrounding the tumor in response to stimulation by factors produced by tumor cells. In this study we transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells with putative cDNA for human extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer(More)
Pro-protein convertases such as furin are expressed in many human tumor lines and primary tumors. Furin processes stromelysin-3, membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) involved in tumor cell invasiveness, as well as growth factors such as transforming growth factor beta1. Evaluation of furin expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been shown to be key players in both extracellular matrix remodeling and cell migration during cancer metastasis. MMP-14, a membrane-anchored MMP, in particular, is closely associated with these processes. The hemopexin (PEX) domain of MMP-14 has been proposed as the modulating region involved in the molecular(More)
Activation of secreted latent matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is accompanied by cleavage of the N-terminal propeptide, thereby liberating the active zinc from binding to the conserved cysteine in the pro-domain. It has been assumed that an analogous mechanism is responsible for the activation of membrane type 1 MMP (MT1-MMP). Using recombinant wild-type(More)
Considerable evidence has implicated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a group of zinc-dependent endopeptidases, in the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) during the metastatic process. Most MMPs are secreted as inactive zymogens and are activated extracellularly. Over expression of MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -9, -13, and MT1-MMP has been demonstrated in(More)
Emmprin (basigin;CD147) is a widely distributed cell surface glycoprotein that belongs to the Ig superfamily and is highly enriched on the surface of malignant tumour cells. Emmprin is involved in numerous physiological and pathological systems and exhibits several molecular and cellular characteristics, but a major function of emmprin is stimulation of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) degradation of extracellular matrix is thought to play an important role in invasion, angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis. Several studies have demonstrated that CD147/extracellular MMP inducer, a membrane-spanning molecule highly expressed in tumor cells, may be involved in the progression of malignancies by regulating(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP4/CD26) and seprase/fibroblast activation protein alpha are homologous type II transmembrane, homodimeric glycoproteins that exhibit unique prolyl peptidase activities. Human DPP4 is ubiquitously expressed in epithelial and endothelial cells and serves multiple functions in cleaving the penultimate positioned prolyl bonds at the(More)