Stanley W. Botchway

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The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathway has a key role in cellular regulation and several diseases. While it is thought that Rheb GTPase regulates mTOR, acting immediately upstream, while raptor is immediately downstream of mTOR, direct interactions have yet to be verified in living cells, furthermore the localisation of Rheb has been(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are biologically one of the most important cellular lesions and possess varying degrees of chemical complexity. The notion that the repairability of more chemically complex DSBs is inefficient led to the concept that the extent of DSB complexity underlies the severity of the biological consequences. The repair of DSBs by(More)
Gap junctions provide a route for small molecules to pass directly between cells. Toxic species may spread through junctions into 'bystander' cells, which may be exploited in chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, this may be prevented by junction closure, and therefore an understanding of the dose-dependency of inhibition of communication and bystander(More)
To investigate within live mammalian cells the uptake and disposition of combretastatins, fluorescence lifetime imaging was used with two-photon excitation (2PE). Combretastatin A4 (CA4) and analogues are potential anticancer drugs due to their ability to inhibit angiogenesis. E(trans)-combretastatins are considerably less active than the(More)
The formation of DNA lesions poses a constant threat to cellular stability. Repair of endogenously and exogenously produced lesions has therefore been extensively studied, although the spatiotemporal dynamics of the repair processes has yet to be fully understood. One of the most recent advances to study the kinetics of DNA repair has been the development(More)
Gold nanoparticle radiosensitization represents a novel technique in enhancement of ionising radiation dose and its effect on biological systems. Variation between theoretical predictions and experimental measurement is significant enough that the mechanism leading to an increase in cell killing and DNA damage is still not clear. We present the first(More)
The first transition-metal complex-based two-photon absorbing luminescence lifetime probes for cellular DNA are presented. This allows cell imaging of DNA free from endogenous fluorophores and potentially facilitates deep tissue imaging. In this initial study, ruthenium(II) luminophores are used as phosphorescent lifetime imaging microscopy (PLIM) probes(More)
Short Title – Spectroscopy and cell imaging of combretastatins ABSTRACT Fluorescence lifetime images of intrinsic fluorescence obtained with two-photon excitation at 630 nm are shown following uptake of a series of E-combretastatins into live cells, including human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) that are the target for the anticancer activity of(More)
Golgi-resident type-II membrane proteins are asymmetrically distributed across the Golgi stack. The intrinsic features of the protein that determine its subcompartment-specific concentration are still largely unknown. Here, we used a series of chimeric proteins to investigate the contribution of the cytoplasmic, transmembrane and stem region of Nicotiana(More)
The first example of cell imaging using two independent emission components from a dinuclear d/f complex is reported. A water-stable, cell-permeable Ir III / Eu III dyad undergoes partial Ir!Eu energy transfer following two-photon excitation of the Ir unit at 780 nm. Excita-tion in the near-IR region generated simultaneously green Ir-based emission and red(More)