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Plasma concentrations of glucagon, growth hormone and glucose were measured hourly during an ordinary treatment day in 11 Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with high glomerular filtration rate, 11 Type 1 diabetic patients with normal glomerular filtration rate matched for age, diabetes duration and sex, and five healthy control subjects,(More)
A study examining the utility of transcranial Doppler ultrasound for the determination of cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid haemorrhage is reported. A control group of 21 patients and a second group of 20 patients suffering from subarachnoid haemorrhage or aneurysm and a group of 26 with other intracranial pathologies were studied. The Doppler flow(More)
Recent advances in electronics and microprocessors have enabled the development of a compact portable cerebral blood flow (CBF) machine capable of being transported to the patient's bedside. We have used such a device, the Novo Cerebrograph 2a, during the past 7 months on a regular basis in the day to day management of our patients with intracranial(More)
Forty five patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage proved by lumbar puncture underwent serial measurements of cerebral blood flow and central conduction time. When the initial slope index (ISI) value for cerebral blood flow is considered there is a clear relationship between reduction of cerebral blood flow and deteriorating clinical grade. This relationship(More)
An intravenous 133Xe clearance technique for measuring cerebral blood flow (CBF) is described. Results obtained compared well with those using the intracarotid 133Xe technique. The reproducibility of the method was checked by repeating measurements within a few hours in 14 patients, when no significant overall change occurred, and after some days in 23(More)
AIM To evaluate the contribution which addition of pelvic computed tomography venography (CTV) to a standard CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) imaging protocol makes to a definitive diagnosis of thromboembolic disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and six consecutive patients over the age of 55 years referred for (CTPA) for suspected pulmonary embolism(More)
BACKGROUND The cardiac neural crest (neural crest extending from the mid-otic placode to the caudal region of somite 3) provides ectomesenchymal cells that contribute to aortic arch development and are essential for aortico-pulmonary septation of the outflow tract. Bilateral ablation of the cardiac neural crest in the chick embryo, prior to migration, leads(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and middle cerebral artery velocity (MCAv) have been measured using 133xenon washout and transcranial Doppler in ten patients with autonomic failure. Four pure autonomic failure and four multiple system atrophy patients behaved similarly: tilting them sufficiently to induce significant orthostatic hypotension without causing(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) has been measured using a non-invasive Xenon133 clearance technique in six normal subjects after 2 days pretreatment with oral indomethacin at a dose of 100 mg/day. The results were compared with placebo given in a double blind balanced cross-over design. Indomethacin was found to result in a reduction in resting CBF of about 25%(More)
Adequate vascular access for femoral trans-catheter aortic valve replacement is fundamental to the success of the procedure. Assessment of vascular calibre, tortuosity and calcification is performed by angiography and multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT). Can DynaCT provide the same information as MSCT? 15 Patients underwent MSCT, angiography and DynaCT.(More)