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Minor histocompatibility antigens (minor H antigens) are targets of graft-versus-host disease and graft-versus-leukemia responses after allogeneic human leukocyte antigen identical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Only a few human minor H antigens have been molecularly characterized and in all cases, amino acid differences between homologous donor(More)
We previously demonstrated the feasibility of generating therapeutic numbers of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones expressing a CD20-specific scFvFc:CD3zeta chimeric T cell receptor (cTCR), making them specifically cytotoxic for CD20+ B lymphoma cells. However, the process of generating and expanding he CTL clones was laborious, the CTL clones expressed(More)
Adoptive T cell transfer for cancer, chronic infection, and autoimmunity is an emerging field that shows promise in recent trials. Using the principles of synthetic biology, advances in cell culture and genetic engineering have made it possible to generate human T cells that display desired specificities and enhanced functionalities compared with the(More)
The adoptive transfer of antigen-specific T cells to establish immunity is an effective therapy for viral infections and tumors in animal models. The application of this approach to human disease would require the isolation and in vitro expansion of human antigen-specific T cells and evidence that such T cells persist and function in vivo after transfer.(More)
Adoptive T cell therapy, involving the ex vivo selection and expansion of antigen-specific T cell clones, provides a means of augmenting antigen-specific immunity without the in vivo constraints that can accompany vaccine-based strategies. A phase I study was performed to evaluate the safety, in vivo persistence, and efficacy of adoptively transferred CD8+(More)
Newly assembled major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules, together with the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone calreticulin, interact with the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) through a molecule called tapasin. The molecular cloning of tapasin revealed it to be a transmembrane glycoprotein encoded by an MHC-linked gene. It(More)
The high rate of severe cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is related to the profound immunodeficiency posttransplant. Because cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) have been implicated in resistance to viral infections, we examined the restoration of the CMV-specific CTL response in 20 patients who received bone marrow from(More)
Effective immunotherapy for human leukemia based on infusions of T lymphocytes requires the identification of effector T cells that target the leukemic stem cell. The transplantation of human acute myeloid leukemia into nonobese diabetic/severe combined immune deficient (SCID) mice has identified a rare leukemic progenitor termed the SCID(More)
The NKG2D receptor stimulates natural killer cell and T cell responses upon engagement of ligands associated with malignancies and certain autoimmune diseases. However, conditions of persistent NKG2D ligand expression can lead to immunosuppression. In cancer patients, tumor expression and shedding of the MHC class I-related chain A (MICA) ligand of NKG2D(More)