Stanley Nattel

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The mechanisms underlying many important properties of the human atrial action potential (AP) are poorly understood. Using specific formulations of the K+, Na+, and Ca2+ currents based on data recorded from human atrial myocytes, along with representations of pump, exchange, and background currents, we developed a mathematical model of the AP. The model AP(More)
This is a report of the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) Task Force on Catheter and Surgical Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation, developed in partnership with the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology and the European Cardiac Arrhythmia Society (ECAS), and in collaboration with the American College of(More)
Atrial fibrillation is a condition in which control of heart rhythm is taken away from the normal sinus node pacemaker by rapid activity in different areas within the upper chambers (atria) of the heart. This results in rapid and irregular atrial activity and, instead of contracting, the atria only quiver. It is the most common cardiac rhythm disturbance(More)
Rhythmic and effective cardiac contraction depends on appropriately timed generation and spread of cardiac electrical activity. The basic cellular unit of such activity is the action potential, which is shaped by specialized proteins (channels and transporters) that control the movement of ions across cardiac cell membranes in a highly regulated fashion.(More)
OBJECTIVES The slow component of the delayed rectifier K+ current (IKs) is believed to be important in cardiac repolarization, and may be a potential target for antiarrhythmic drugs, but its study has been limited by a lack of specific blockers. The chromanol derivate 293B blocks currents expressed by minK and not HERG in Xenopus oocytes, but little is(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice. It can occur at any age but is very rare in children and becomes extremely common in the elderly, with a prevalence approaching 20% in patients 85 years of age.1 AF is associated with a wide range of potential complications and contributes significantly to population morbidity and(More)
Rapid electrical activation, as occurs during atrial fibrillation (AF), is known to cause reductions in atrial refractoriness and in adaptation to heart rate of the atrial refractory period, which promote the maintenance of AF, but the underlying ionic mechanisms are unknown. In order to determine the cellular and ionic changes caused by chronic atrial(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of atrial fibrillation (AF) due to atrial tachycardia have provided insights into the remodeling mechanisms by which "AF begets AF" but have not elucidated the substrate that initially supports AF before remodeling occurs. We studied the effects of congestive heart failure (CHF), an entity strongly associated with clinical AF, on atrial(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in the clinical setting, and traditional pharmacological approaches have proved to have important weaknesses. Structural remodeling has been observed in both clinical and experimental AF paradigms, and is an important feature of the AF substrate, producing fibrosis that alters atrial tissue composition(More)
Previous voltage-clamp studies have suggested that the delayed rectifier current (IK) is small or absent in the human ventricle and, when present, consists only of the rapid component (IKr); however, molecular studies suggest the presence of functionally important IK in the human heart, specific IKr blockers are known to delay ventricular repolarization and(More)