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Neutrophil influx in lung injury is controlled in part by chemokines acting through the receptor, CXCR2. To avoid adverse effects of steroids typically used to modify inflammation, we evaluated the effects of competitive blockade of CXCR2 in rats on neutrophil function in vitro and on neutrophil influx in vivo in hyperoxia-induced newborn lung injury, a(More)
We tested the hypothesis that targeted transgenic overexpression of human extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) would preserve alveolar development in hyperoxia-exposed newborn mice. We exposed newborn transgenic and wild-type mice to 95% oxygen (O2) or air x 7 days and measured bronchoalveolar lavage cell counts, and lung homogenate EC-SOD, oxidized(More)
Macrophage-derived cytokines may provoke the inflammatory response in lung injury. Because macrophage influx is a prominent feature of the cellular inflammatory response accompanying the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, we hypothesized that blocking macrophage influx would reduce overall cellular influx and oxidative damage. Newborn rats were(More)
Air pollutant exposure is linked with childhood asthma incidence and exacerbations, and maternal exposure to airborne pollutants during pregnancy increases airway hyperreactivity (AHR) in offspring. To determine if exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) during pregnancy worsened postnatal ozone-induced AHR, timed pregnant C57BL/6 mice were exposed to DE (0.5 or(More)
RATIONALE Epidemiologic studies implicate air pollutant exposure during pregnancy as a risk factor for wheezing in offspring. Ozone exposure is linked to exacerbations of wheezing in children. OBJECTIVES To determine if maternal pulmonary exposure to traffic-related particles during pregnancy augments ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in offspring.(More)
Hyperoxia may contribute to lung disease in newborns through effects on alveolar neutrophils which predominate in respiratory distress syndrome and other acute lung injuries. Neutrophil chemokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) regulate chemoattraction, and are elevated in tracheal aspirates of newborns who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Blockade(More)
Inflammation may contribute to lung injury and impaired alveolar development in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We treated hyperoxia-exposed newborn rats with antibodies to the neutrophil chemokine cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) during 95% O2 exposure to reduce adverse effects of hyperoxia-induced inflammation on lung development. Rats(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) effects are often mediated via S-nitrosothiol (SNO) formation; SNO uptake has recently been shown to be mediated in some cell types via system L-type amino acid transporters (LAT-1, 2). Inhaled NO therapy may exert some biological effects via SNO formation. We therefore sought to determine if pulmonary epithelial SNO uptake depended on LAT(More)