Stanley M Phillips

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Memory, mood, and hormone levels were measured in 25 women during the menstrual and luteal phases of their cycles. Significantly lower visual memory (delayed recall) scores were found during the menstrual phase compared to the luteal phase. No phase differences were found on mood measures or on other memory measures including digit span, paired-associate(More)
The effects of estrogen (E) on memory were assessed in 19 women who required a hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy for benign disease. Blood samples were drawn and memory tests were administered before surgery and again after 2 mo of postoperative treatment consisting of either monthly E or placebo (PL) injections. Scores on the immediate and delayed(More)
Subjects exposed to environmental tobacco smoke have been found to be at increased risk for several health problems. Whether exposure to passive tobacco smoke is associated with reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is unknown. In order to examine this, we measured BMD in 154 healthy premenopausal women (age range 40–45 years). BMD of the total hip, femoral(More)
DESIGN Longitudinal prospective case series. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of early introduction post-spinal cord injury (SCI) of twice-weekly body-weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) on muscle and bone. SETTING Centre for Health Promotion and Rehabilitation, McMaster University, Canada. METHODS Five individuals who had sustained traumatic(More)
Body weight is known to be associated with bone mass, however, it is unclear whether body composition, as reflected by the percent of total weight that is fat tissue (%fat), is associated with bone mass independently of weight. Fat tissue is metabolically active, and hormonal factors may mediate an association of %fat with bone mass. Leptin, a hormone(More)
Adolescence is a critical time for skeletal growth and mineralization. Exposure to protective or detrimental factors during this period may influence peak bone mass attainment and subsequent development of osteoporosis. In order to evaluate the association of body size during adolescence with subsequent adult bone mass, we conducted a follow-up study of a(More)
Pregnant Long-Evans rats were received on day 5 of gestation and divided into 4 treatment groups: (1) 27% calories provided as ethanol in a liquid diet; (2) pairfed i.e., isocaloric liquid diet restricted to match group (1); (3) liquid diet provided ad libitum; and (4) laboratory chow and water provided ad libitum. Litters were culled to 8 pups at birth and(More)
To investigate the hypothesis that an increase in plasma volume (PV) is obligatory in reducing the cardiovascular drift that is associated with prolonged exercise following training, a plasma expander (Macrodex) was used to acutely elevate PV. Eight untrained volunteers [maximal oxygen consumption; V˙O2 max 45.2 (2.2) ml · kg−1 · min−1, mean (SE)] cycled(More)
STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal, prospective within-subject design. OBJECTIVES (1) To determine the effects of long-term body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) on functional walking ability and perceived quality of life in persons with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI), and (2) to investigate whether training adaptations are maintained(More)
The popularity of amiodarone has grown due to its effectiveness in converting arrhythmia and its formulation availability. Formulations of the drug also contain iodine; the iodine content is 75 mg in a 200-mg tablet of amiodarone and 18.7 mg/ml in the intravenous solution. Approximately 10% of the iodine content of oral amiodarone is released into the(More)
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