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The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities. or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The(More)
Recent work has shown that there may be disadvantages in the use of the chi-square-like goodness-of-fit tests for the logistic regression model proposed by Hosmer and Lemeshow that use fixed groups of the estimated probabilities. A particular concern with these grouping strategies based on estimated probabilities, fitted values, is that groups may contain(More)
Logistic regression models are frequently used in epidemiological studies for estimating associations that demographic, behavioral, and risk factor variables have on a dichotomous outcome, such as disease being present versus absent. After the coefficients in a logistic regression model have been estimated, goodness-of-fit of the resulting model should be(More)
CONTEXT A growing epidemiological literature has suggested that marital discord is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. In addition, depression and stress are associated with enhanced production of proinflammatory cytokines that influence a spectrum of conditions associated with aging. OBJECTIVE To assess how hostile marital behaviors modulate wound(More)
These experiments were completed as part of an NIH-NINDS contract entitled "Facilities of Research Excellence - Spinal Cord Injury (FORE-SCI) - Replication". Our goal was to replicate pre-clinical data from Simard et al. (2007) showing that glibenclamide, an FDA approved anti-diabetic drug that targets sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1)-regulated Ca(2+)(More)
I Survival analysis encompasses a wide variety of methods for analyzing the timing of events. • The prototypical event is death, which accounts for the name given to these methods. • But survival analysis is also appropriate for many other kinds of events, such as criminal recidivism, divorce, child-bearing, unemployment, and graduation from school. I The(More)
OBJECTIVE To address how interactions between polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels and depressive symptoms were related to proinflammatory cytokine synthesis. Depression and stress promote proinflammatory cytokine production. Dietary intakes of omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) PUFAs also influence inflammation; high n-6:n-3 ratios enhance proinflammatory(More)
The goal of the current manuscript was to replicate published data that show intrathecal infusions of Taxol® (paclitaxel), an anti-neoplastic microtubule stabilizing agent, reduce fibrogliotic scarring caused by a dorsal spinal hemisection (DHx) injury and increase functional recovery and growth of serotonergic axons after moderate spinal contusion injury.(More)
Epistatic gene-gene interactions could contribute to the heritability of complex multigenic disorders, but few examples have been reported. Here, we focus on the role of aberrant dopaminergic signaling, involving the dopamine transporter DAT, a cocaine target, and the dopamine D2 receptor, which physically interacts with DAT. Splicing polymorphism rs2283265(More)
Interaction, defined as departure of disease rates from an additive model, can be measured by the relative excess risk due to interaction, or the attributable proportion due to interaction. Point estimates can be obtained using multiple logistic regression. Using simulated case-control data, we compare several confidence interval estimation techniques for(More)