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Economic history has contributed significantly to the formulation of economic theory.* Among the economists who have found history an important source for their ideas are Failure to take account of history, as Simon Kuznets (1941) stressed, has often led to a misunderstanding of current economic problems by investigators who have not realized that their(More)
School-to-work patterns and issues are discussed for seven economies (France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, UK and US). The emphasis is placed on differences across countries in both the current labour market position of young people and recent trends therein, along with the institutions that regulate youth education, training and employment. The(More)
We would like to express deep appreciation for the help of our research assistants Elisa Mariscal, Patricia Juarez, and Leah Brooks. We have also benefited from discussions with ABSTRACT Whereas traditional explanations of differences in long-run paths of development across the Americas generally point to the significance of differences in national heritage(More)
What motivated men to risk death in the most horrific war in U.S. history when pay was low and irregular and military punishment strategies were weak? In such a situation creating group loyalty by promoting social capital is of paramount importance and in the Civil War was the cement of both armies. We find that individual and company socioeconomic and(More)
essay came about at Ismail Serageldin's behest. He felt it would be a worthwhile exercise if I were to connect the ideas developed in Dasgupta (1993) with those in Putnam (1993), to see if the concept of social capital has potency for an understanding of the kinds of institution that are most likely to protect and promote human well-being in poor countries.(More)
  • Maristella Botticini, Zvi Eckstein, +25 authors Maria Cecilia Vieira da Silva
  • 2006
4 1 Special thanks to Claudia Goldin and Joel Mokyr for their insightful and detailed comments. We also had very helpful discussions with Participants in many seminars and conferences gave helpful comments. Abstract From the end of the second century C.E., Judaism enforced a religious norm requiring any Jewish father to educate his children. We present(More)
It is widely believed that regional labor markets in the USA are highly flexible, so that employment shocks have only transitory effects on joblessness since induced migration quickly offsets much of the initial impact. However, time-series analysis of the response to shocks is very sensitive to errors of measurement, and such errors are large in some(More)
Death in the Middle Passage has long been at the center of the moral attack on slavery, and during the past two centuries estimates of the death rate and explanations of its magnitude have been repeatedly discussed and debated. For comparative purposes we draw on studies of mortality in other aspects of the movement of slaves from Africa to the Americas, as(More)