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Shoots, roots, and seeds of corn (Zea mays L., cv. Michigan 500), oats (Avena sativa L., cv. Au Sable), and peas (Pisum sativum L., cv. Wando) were analyzed for their superoxide dismutase content using a photochemical assay system consisting of methionine, riboflavin, and p-nitro blue tetrazolium. The enzyme is present in the shoots, roots, and seeds of the(More)
Superoxide dismutase was purified from pea (Pisum sativum L., cv. Wando) seeds and corn (Zea mays L., cv. Michigan 500) seedlings. The purified pea enzyme eluting as a single peak from gel exclusion chromatography columns contained the three electrophoretically distinct bands of superoxide dismutase characterizing the crude extract. The purified corn enzyme(More)
Alfalfa meal and chloroform extracts of the meal have increased the growth and yield of several plant species. A crystalline substance isolated from the active fraction of alfalfa meal increased the dry weight and water uptake of rice seedlings when sprayed on the foliage or applied in nutrient culture. The substance was identified as triacontanol by mass(More)
Triacontanol, a 30-carbon primary alcohol, applied in nutrient culture solutions to rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings at 2.3×10-8 M (10 μg/l), caused an increase in dry weight and leaf area of the whole plants. The response could be observed as early as 3 h of treatment. It was observed at relatively high and low light intensities as well as in the dark(More)
Treatment of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells, cultured at 5% CO(2), with 1 to 1000 micrograms triacontanol (TRIA) per liter resulted in 21 to 35% increases in cell density, 7 to 31% increases in total chlorophyll, and 20 to 100% increases in photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation. The increase in CO(2) fixation with TRIA treatment occurred before, and was(More)
Triacontanol (TRIA) increased fresh and dry weight and total reducible nitrogen (total N) of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings within 40 minutes. Increases in total N in the supernatants from homogenates of corn (Zea mays L.) and rice leaves treated with TRIA for one minute before grinding occurred within 30 and 80 minutes, respectively. The source for the(More)
Triacontanol (TRIA) increases the dry weight and alters the metabolism of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings within 10 min of application to either the shoots or roots. This activity is prevented if octacosanol (OCTA, C28 primary alcohol) is applied with the TRIA on the roots or shoots. Triacontanol activity is also stopped if the OCTA is applied at least 1(More)
Increased photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells treated with triacontanol (TRIA) was not due to changes in glycolate excretion, CO(2) compensation point, or the sensitivity of photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation to O(2). Kinetic analysis of TRIA-treated cells showed that the increase in photosynthetic CO(2) assimilation was a(More)
Triacontanol applied to IR-8 rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings in nutrient solution caused an increase in dry weight during a 6-hour dark period. This increase was altered by atmospheric CO(2) and O(2) concentrations. The largest growth response occurred from 200 to 350 muliters/liter CO(2) with 5% O(2). The treated seedlings did not fix atmospheric CO(2) in(More)
Oat seeds with a higher protein content as a result of chemical applications in 1967 yielded 21 to 42 percent more grain in 1968. Wheat seed, whether from Michigan, Illinois, or Mexico, that contained more protein as a result of field applications of chemicals or nitrogen developed into larger seedlings. The content of protein in the seed correlated with(More)