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OBJECTIVE To more fully define the influence of COPD in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS One hundred ninety-one patients with COPD underwent CABG from March 1, 1995, to June 21, 1996. There were 129 male and 62 female patients. The mean age was 69 years (45 to 86 years). Patients with COPD were defined according to the(More)
Those factors that prolong myocardial tolerance to global ischemia constitute an important prerequisite for effective cardioplegia. This study contrasts the relative buffering power of bicarbonate-based and tromethamine-based hyperkalemic crystalloid cardioplegic solution with histidine protein-type buffer (Bretschneider) solution. In addition, the(More)
A method of monitoring was developed to directly measure the intramyocardial pressure and to objectively assess the viability and contractility of a heart allograft before it is harvested, during its period of preservation and following its implantation. Intramyocardial pressure was measured in the subendocardial and subepicardial regions using implantable(More)
Sternal wound infection with atypical mycobacteria following open heart surgery is a rare occurrence. Previous reports have described infection by Mycobacterium fortuitum, an acid-fast bacillus and member of a larger family of rapidly growing mycobacteria. The source and mode of transmission have not been identified. Surgical debridement and the combination(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracic aortic coarctation accompanied by a second surgically reparable lesion is a rare combination in the adult patient. The simultaneous operative management of both lesions is desirable because of the higher morbidity and mortality that would occur with staged procedures. METHODS We describe the simultaneous operative management in three(More)
A N understanding of the control of cardiac output by the organism is perhaps one of the most important objectives to Avhich an investigator in circulatory physiology can aspire. An evaluation of those influences which can, at any given heart rate, augment or diminish the external work and power produced by the ventricle is basic to the problem. The more(More)