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Journals and Conferences
A nomenclature is described for restriction endonucleases, DNA methyltransferases, homing endonucleases and related genes and gene products. It provides explicit categories for the many different Type II enzymes now identified and provides a system for naming the putative genes found by sequence analysis of microbial genomes.
We examined the DNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by both HpaII-MspI restriction enzyme digestion and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis for the possible presence of 5-methylcytosine. Both of these methods failed to detect cytosine methylation within this yeast DNA; i.e., there is less than 1 5-methylcytosine per 3,100 to 6,000 cytosine residues.
The genomic DNAs of the eukaryotic Chlorella-like green alga, strain NC64A, and eleven of its viruses all contain significant levels of 5-methyldeoxycytidine. In addition, the host DNA as well as six of the viral DNAs also contain N6-methyldeoxyadenosine. At least some of the methylated bases in the host reside in different base sequences than the… (More)
DNA isolated from macronuclei of the ciliate, Tetrahymena pyriformis, has been found to contain [(6)N]methyl adenine (MeAde); this represents the first clear demonstration of significant amounts of MeAde in the DNA of a eucaryote. The amounts of macronuclear MeAde differed slightly between different strains of Tetrahymena, with approximately 0.65-0.80% of… (More)
The bacteriophage T4 dam gene, encoding the Dam DNA [N6-adenine]methyltransferase (MTase), has been subcloned into the plasmid expression vector, pJW2. In this construct, designated pINT4dam, transcription is from the regulatable phage lambda pR and pL promoters, arranged in tandem. A two-step purification scheme using DEAE-cellulose and phosphocellulose… (More)
The DNA-[N6-adenine] methyltransferase of T4 phage (T4 Dam MTase) catalyzes methyl group transfer from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) to the N6-position of adenine in the palindromic sequence, GATC. We have investigated the effect of eliminating different structural components of the recognition site on the ability of a substrate to be bound and… (More)
The DNA methyltransferase of bacteriophage T4 (T4 Dam MTase) recognizes the palindromic sequence GATC, and catalyzes transfer of the methyl group from S:-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) to the N(6)-position of adenine [generating N(6)-methyladenine and S:-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (AdoHcy)]. Pre-steady state kinetic analysis revealed that the methylation rate… (More)
We carried out a steady state kinetic analysis of the bacteriophage T4 DNA-[N6-adenine]methyltransferase (T4 Dam) mediated methyl group transfer reaction from S-adenosyl-l-methionine (AdoMet) to Ade in the palindromic recognition sequence, GATC, of a 20-mer oligonucleotide duplex. Product inhibition patterns were consistent with a steady state-ordered bi-bi… (More)
Nineteen plaque-forming viruses of the unicellular, eukaryotic Chlorella-like green alga, strain NC64A, were isolated from various geographic regions in the United States and characterized. Like the previously described virus, PBCV-1, all of the new viruses were large polyhedrons, sensitive to chloroform, and contained large dsDNA genomes of ca. 300 kbp.… (More)
Purified nuclear DNA from two mealybug species was analyzed for its 5-methylcytosine (m5C) content by reversed-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. We observed that the percent m5C (percentage of cytosines which are methylated) varied between the two species, between males and females of the same species, and between lines with and without… (More)