Stanley F. Wolf

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Development of the appropriate CD4+ T helper (TH) subset during an immune response is important for disease resolution. With the use of naïve, ovalbumin-specific alpha beta T cell receptor transgenic T cell, it was found that heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes induced TH1 development in vitro through macrophage production of interleukin-12 (IL-12).(More)
It has recently been demonstrated that in vivo administration of murine interleukin 12 (IL-12) to mice results in augmentation of cytotoxic natural killer (NK)/lymphocyte-activated killer cell activity, enhancement of cytolytic T cell generation, and induction of interferon gamma secretion. In this study, the in vivo activity of murine IL-12 against a(More)
Recent evidence supports the critical and proximate role of IL-12 in regulating both T and NK cell function during inflammation. In these studies, we evaluated the in vivo antitumor activity of murine IL-12 in murine adenocarcinoma and sarcoma models using both systemic and peritumoral administration. Antitumor effects were consistently demonstrated both in(More)
We previously reported that natural killer cell stimulatory factor (NKSF), a heterodimeric lymphokine purified from the conditioned medium of human B lymphoblastoid cell lines, induces interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) production from resting peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and synergizes with interleukin 2 in this activity. In this study, we show that human(More)
Listeriosis in mice with the severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mutation is an established model in vivo and in vitro of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)-dependent macrophage activation by natural killer (NK) cells during the development of natural immunity. We demonstrate that IFN-gamma production from SCID splenocytes is stimulated by interleukin (IL)(More)
The ability of interleukin (IL)-12 to prevent tumors when administered to individuals with a genetic risk of cancer was studied in two lines of transgenic mice expressing rat HER-2/neu oncogene in the mammary gland. Female BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice carrying the activated HER-2/ neu oncogene show no morphological abnormalities of the mammary gland until 3 wk of(More)
Interleukin (IL) 12 is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by phagocytic cells, B cells, and other antigen-presenting cells that modulates adaptive immune responses by favoring the generation of T helper type 1 cells. IL-12 mediates some of its physiological activities by acting as a potent inducer of interferon (IFN) gamma production by T and natural(More)
We have identified a human DNA recombinant (p308) with a 3.0-kilobase (kb) BamHI insert that hybridizes in situ exclusively to the centromeric region of all human autosomes and the X chromosome. This highly repetitive sequence is significantly enriched on several chromosomes, most prominently on chromosome 6. In all individuals, the majority of genomic(More)
To explore the role of DNA methylation in maintaining dosage compensation of X chromosome-linked genes and in regulating the transcriptional activity of "housekeeping" genes, we characterized DNA methylation of active, inactive, and derepressed alleles at the locus for hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) on the human X chromosome. The methylation(More)
Interleukin 12 (IL-12), a disulfide-linked heterodimeric cytokine produced primarily by macrophages, is composed of light (p35) and heavy (p40) chains. It binds to a receptor on T-cells and natural killer cells, promoting the induction of primarily a TH1 response in vitro and in vivo. To determine whether paracrine IL-12 secretion can alter tumor cell(More)