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It has recently been demonstrated that in vivo administration of murine interleukin 12 (IL-12) to mice results in augmentation of cytotoxic natural killer (NK)/lymphocyte-activated killer cell activity, enhancement of cytolytic T cell generation, and induction of interferon gamma secretion. In this study, the in vivo activity of murine IL-12 against a(More)
Immunity against the intracellular protozoan Toxoplasma gondii is highly dependent on interferon gamma (IFN-gamma). We have previously shown that, in addition to T lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells can be stimulated by the parasite to produce this cytokine by a reaction requiring adherent accessory cells and tumor necrosis factor alpha. We now(More)
Development of the appropriate CD4+ T helper (TH) subset during an immune response is important for disease resolution. With the use of naïve, ovalbumin-specific alpha beta T cell receptor transgenic T cell, it was found that heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes induced TH1 development in vitro through macrophage production of interleukin-12 (IL-12).(More)
Listeriosis in mice with the severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mutation is an established model in vivo and in vitro of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)-dependent macrophage activation by natural killer (NK) cells during the development of natural immunity. We demonstrate that IFN-gamma production from SCID splenocytes is stimulated by interleukin (IL)(More)
Interleukin (IL) 12 is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by phagocytic cells, B cells, and other antigen-presenting cells that modulates adaptive immune responses by favoring the generation of T helper type 1 cells. IL-12 mediates some of its physiological activities by acting as a potent inducer of interferon (IFN) gamma production by T and natural(More)
The ability of interleukin (IL)-12 to prevent tumors when administered to individuals with a genetic risk of cancer was studied in two lines of transgenic mice expressing rat HER-2/neu oncogene in the mammary gland. Female BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice carrying the activated HER-2/ neu oncogene show no morphological abnormalities of the mammary gland until 3 wk of(More)
Interleukin 12 (IL-12), a disulfide-linked heterodimeric cytokine produced primarily by macrophages, is composed of light (p35) and heavy (p40) chains. It binds to a receptor on T-cells and natural killer cells, promoting the induction of primarily a TH1 response in vitro and in vivo. To determine whether paracrine IL-12 secretion can alter tumor cell(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its antigens are potent inducers of cytokine expression by mononuclear phagocytes. In this study, the ability of live M. tuberculosis to stimulate interleukin-12 (IL-12) expression by human monocytes was examined. Monocytes were purified from peripheral blood mononuclear cells by adherence and either infected with M.(More)
The B7/CD28 co-stimulatory pathway plays a critical role in T cell activation and differentiation. Our previous study demonstrated that administration of B7.2-Ig fusion proteins to tumor-bearing mice elicits IL-4-dependent, CD8+ T cell-mediated tumor regression. Here, we investigated whether B7.2-Ig stimulation of tumor-sensitized CD8+ CTL precursors during(More)