Stanley Devlaming

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OBJECTIVES We evaluated assessment and treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) among illicit drug users accepting referral to a weekly HCV peer-support group at a multidisciplinary community health centre. METHODS From March 2005 to 2008, HCV-infected individuals were referred to a weekly peer-support group and assessed for HCV infection. A retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM There are few studies investigating the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in current and former drug users. With this in mind, we sought to evaluate the antiviral efficacy of interferon alpha-2b (IFN alpha-2b) or pegylated-interferon alpha-2b (PEG-IFN alpha-2b) and ribavirin (RBV) in injection drug users (IDU) enrolled in a(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies evaluating the effectiveness of opioid agonist therapy programs typically evaluate drug abstinence or treatment retention as their primary outcomes. However, in many circumstances (e.g. directly observed therapy (DOT) programs within methadone maintenance programs), methadone adherence is an extremely relevant clinical outcome. We(More)
The objective of this prospective, observational clinical study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of once-daily and twice-daily directly observed therapy (DOT) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients undergoing methadone treatment. Methadone and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were dispensed daily as DOT, with patients in(More)
Injection drug use accounts for the majority of incident and prevalent cases of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, very few injection drug users (IDUs) have received treatment for this condition given issues of medical or psychiatric co-morbidity, ongoing substance abuse and a widely held belief that such individuals will not be able to adhere to(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the prevalence of primary HIV drug resistance in a population of 128 injection drug users (48 female) prior to initiating antiretroviral therapy. METHODS Genotypic and phenotypic profiles were obtained retrospectively for the period June 1996 to February 2007. Genotypic drug resistance was defined as the presence of a major(More)
Injection drug use (IDU) accounts for 75% of incident cases of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the developed world. Of those infected with HCV, up to 80% will go on to develop chronic disease. Intervention with effective treatment in eligible subjects will limit the impact of the long-term consequences of infection. The use of combination therapy with(More)
To evaluate the impact of mutations at reverse transcriptase codon 135 on treatment outcomes in patients receiving NNRTI-based antiretroviral therapy, a total of 68 patients (30 with and 38 without baseline mutations at codon 135) were evaluated. Median increases in CD4 counts were 135 and 90 cells/mm(3) (p=0.32), virologic suppression (HIV RNA < 400(More)
OBJECTIVES We have measured methadone dose adjustments and treatment responses after nevirapine (NVP)-, efavirenz (EFV)-, ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r), or atazanavir (ATV; with or without ritonavir)-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was initiated in injection drug users (IDUs). METHODS We identified 120 IDUs receiving HAART and(More)