Stanley C. Sicher

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Macrophage activation is deficient in the fetus and neonate when the serum concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are 150 microM, or 10-50-fold higher than in the adult. We now show that DHA inhibits production of nitric oxide (NO) by macrophages stimulated in vitro by IFNgamma plus LPS, or by IFNgamma plus TNFalpha. The half-maximal inhibitory(More)
Murine macrophage activation is deficient in the fetus and the neonate, and in areas of the placenta perfused by the fetal circulation. Fetal and neonatal serum concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are 150 microM, or approximately 50-fold higher than in the adult. We previously showed that DHA inhibits activation of the gene for inducible nitric(More)
Decreased Ia expression by macrophages may account for the increased susceptibility of fetuses and neonates to infection. We chose to investigate the role of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid, on Ia expression in vitro, because neonatal serum concentrations of DHA (100-150 microM) are approximately 50 times higher than in the adult. In(More)
Bacterial LPS inhibits the expression of Ia by macrophages stimulated by IFN-gamma. We now present the following observations that suggest a causal relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and this inhibition of Ia expression: 1) NO production precedes inhibition of Ia, 2) the ability of LPS to inhibit Ia expression by IFN-gamma stimulated macrophages is(More)
Renal transplantation is the preferred treatment modality for patients with ESRD who are good surgical risks and able to comply with chronic immunosuppressive medications. Clinical transplantation has advanced significantly, with most transplant centers reporting 1-yr renal allograft survival rates of better than 80%. Nevertheless, rejection and a(More)
MHC class II expression on macrophages is one determinant of Ag presentation and the vigor of CD4+ T cell immunity. We show that LPS may either inhibit or augment IFN-gamma-induced MHC class II on macrophages depending on the sequence of the IFN-gamma and LPS signals. LPS inhibited MHC class II when added simultaneously with IFN-gamma, but augmented class(More)
BACKGROUND CD4 T cells, which are stimulated by the "indirect pathway" of antigen-presentation, participate in rejection. These T cells are sensitized by recipient major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-positive leukocytes that migrate into the transplant. Therefore, an important early step in rejection is the immigration of these recipient MHC(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) has been recently implicated as a powerful inhibitor of immune responses during allograft rejection, and some autoimmune and infectious diseases. We previously showed that one potential regulatory effect of NO is inhibition of IFNgamma-stimulated expression of Class II MHC on macrophages. Activation of this gene is mediated by(More)
Only Listeria monocytogenes that produce listeriolysin O (LLO) elicit protective immunity. Given the importance of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in anti-Listeria immunity, we have investigated TNF-alpha production by macrophages after they ingested live LLO-producing compared to LLO-non-producing bacteria. We used two genetically engineered(More)
PROBLEM We previously demonstrated profound inhibition of macrophage activation in the murine placenta in vivo. Given the importance of macrophages both in initiating cellular immunity by presenting antigen in the context of Ia to CD4+ T cells, and in killing cellular targets by producing nitric oxide (NO), inhibition of macrophage functions in the placenta(More)