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BACKGROUND Therapeutic central neck dissection (CND) is an accepted part of the management of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), while prophylactic CND remains controversial. Regardless of the indication for CND, the lower anatomic border of the central compartment, specifically the inclusion or otherwise of level VII, is not always clearly defined in the(More)
BACKGROUND Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) persistence or recurrence and the need for long-term surveillance can cause significant inconvenience and morbidity in patients. Currently, recurrence risk stratification is accomplished by using clinicopathologic factors, and serum thyroglobulin is the only commercially available marker for persistent or recurrent(More)
Unilateral cervical exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) remains controversial. Critics of unilateral exploration have argued that this surgical strategy results in an unacceptably large number of patients with persistent or recurrent hypercalcemia following the initial operation due to undetected additional parathyroid pathology on the(More)
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine cancer that originates from calcitonin-secreting parafollicular cells, or C cells. We found that Cdk5 and its cofactors p35 and p25 are highly expressed in human MTC and that Cdk5 activity promotes MTC proliferation. A conditional MTC mouse model was generated and corroborated the role of aberrant Cdk5(More)
BACKGROUND Permanent hypoparathyroidism is a well-recognized complication of total thyroidectomy, and a commonly reported clinical indicator of that procedure. However, a small number of patients still require ongoing calcium supplementation post-operatively in order to avoid the symptoms of hypocalcaemia, despite a normal serum parathyroid hormone level.(More)
INTRODUCTION Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) is a new parathyroid localization technique not previously reported in Australia. It provides both functional and anatomical imaging in a single test, with superior sensitivity compared with sestamibi scintigraphy (SeS). This study examines the utility of 4DCT in defined clinical situations. METHODS(More)
The BRAF V600E mutation is a recognised molecular marker in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), reported incidence from 30 to 80 %. BRAFV600E aberrantly activates the MAPK pathway, a central regulator of cell growth and proliferation. Previous studies have reported conflicting data regarding the impact of BRAFV600E on clinicopathological features of PTC. The(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine whether a focused minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and concordant pre-operative localization studies is appropriate for patients with a family history of the disease. Familial hyperparathyroidism may be seen as a chronic disease in which recurrence is(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to compare dual tracer, dual phase pinhole technetium-99m labelled 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-MIBI) imaging (including oblique imaging), with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and dual phase planar Tc-MIBI images, and combined SPECT, dual phase planar Tc-MIBI images and anterior pinhole thyroid images for the(More)
Pathogenic ALK translocations have been reported in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). We developed and validated a screening algorithm based on immunohistochemistry (IHC), followed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in IHC-positive cases to identify ALK-rearranged PTC. IHC and FISH were performed in a cohort of 259 thyroid carcinomas enriched for(More)