Stanley B. Kaye

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BACKGROUND The inhibition of poly(adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a potential synthetic lethal therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancers with specific DNA-repair defects, including those arising in carriers of a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. We conducted a clinical evaluation in humans of olaparib (AZD2281), a novel, potent,(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of trabectedin plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) with that of PLD alone in women with recurrent ovarian cancer after failure of first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Women > or = 18 years, stratified by performance status (0 to 1 v 2) and platinum(More)
There have been major advances in our understanding of the cellular and molecular biology of the human malignancies that are collectively referred to as ovarian cancer. At a recent Helene Harris Memorial Trust meeting, an international group of researchers considered actions that should be taken to improve the outcome for women with ovarian cancer. Nine(More)
PURPOSE This phase II randomized discontinuation trial evaluated the effects of sorafenib (BAY 43-9006), an oral multikinase inhibitor targeting the tumor and vasculature, on tumor growth in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients initially received oral sorafenib 400 mg twice daily during the initial run-in period.(More)
PURPOSE Studies indicate that castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) remains driven by ligand-dependent androgen receptor (AR) signaling. To evaluate this, a trial of abiraterone acetate-a potent, selective, small-molecule inhibitor of cytochrome P (CYP) 17, a key enzyme in androgen synthesis-was pursued. PATIENTS AND METHODS Chemotherapy-naïve men(More)
PURPOSE To establish the safety and tolerability of ZD1839 (Iressa), a selective epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and to explore its pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects in patients with selected solid tumor types. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a phase I dose-escalating trial of oral ZD1839 150 mg/d to a maximum of(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy with a platinum agent and a taxane (paclitaxel) is considered the standard of care for treatment of ovarian carcinoma. We compared the combination of docetaxel-carboplatin with the combination of paclitaxel-carboplatin as first-line chemotherapy for stage Ic-IV epithelial ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer. METHODS We randomly(More)
Ovarian cancer is responsible for 4% of deaths from cancer in women. Treatment comprises a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, but patients typically experience disease relapse within 2 years of the initial treatment. Further treatment can extend survival, although relapse eventually occurs again. A better understanding of the mechanisms that underlie(More)
PURPOSE Capecitabine is an orally administered fluoropyrimidine carbamate selectively activated to fluorouracil (5-FU) in tumors. It passes through the intestinal mucosal membrane intact and is subsequently activated by a cascade of three enzymes that results in the preferential release of 5-FU at the tumor site. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this phase I(More)
Hormone-driven expression of the ERG oncogene after fusion with TMPRSS2 occurs in 30% to 70% of therapy-naive prostate cancers. Its relevance in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) remains controversial as ERG is not expressed in some TMPRSS2-ERG androgen-independent xenograft models. However, unlike these models, CRPC patients have an increasing(More)