Stanley A Feldman

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We studied the effect of administering multiples of the ED90 dose of rocuronium on the onset, duration and recovery index of neuromuscular block. The effect on onset time differed from that reported using train-of-four stimulation. This led us to investigate the effect of increasing the rate of ulnar nerve stimulation 10-fold. This resulted in an(More)
It has been known since 1951 that drugs such as decamethonium and suxamethonium produced an acetylcholine like (agonist) effect on the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction causing depolarization. Inspite of evidence of action of these drugs on the motor nerve terminals, it has been widely assumed that the neuromuscular block they produced is(More)
We have studied the action of doxapram on neuromuscular transmission in the rat phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation. Doxapram augmented neuromuscular transmission in a dose-related manner when a threshold concentration of 5 x 10(-5) mol litre-1 had been exceeded. The activity of the acetylcholinesterase in rat diaphragm has been examined also in the(More)
There is evidence that onset time and potency of non-depolarising neuromuscular blocking drugs are related. The relationship between onset time and rate of recovery has not been investigated. In this study, using the isolated forearm technique, the onset time of four different non-depolarising drugs have been compared with their recovery times. It has been(More)
We used isobolographic analysis to investigate the interaction of decamethonium with either hexamethonium or vecuronium in the rat phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm preparation. EC50 values of decamethonium, hexamethonium, and vecuronium were (mean +/- SEM) 47.36 +/- 9.58 microM, 4.27 +/- 0.53 mM, and 5.19 +/- 1.17 microM, respectively. Combinations of drugs in(More)
We have compared the degree of tetanic fade relative to twitch depression occurring after isolated forearm block with vecuronium and that after systemic i.v. injection. Fifteen patients received either vecuronium 0.3 mg into an isolated forearm or vecuronium 0.05 mg kg-1 systemically. Adductor pollicis mechanomyography was used to monitor recovery of twitch(More)
We studied the effects of rocuronium and vecuronium as priming agents before both vecuronium and rocuronium neuromuscular blockade. Rocuronium is ineffective at priming rocuronium. Vecuronium is effective at priming rocuronium, producing an approximate 33% reduction in onset time. Rocuronium and vecuronium, when given as priming agents, both reduce the(More)
Tubocurare (0.125 mg.kg-1 or 0.25 mg.kg-1) was injected 10 s before 1 mg.kg-1 suxamethonium in patients anaesthetised with enflurane 1-1.5%. Measurement of electromyographic response was recorded using a 0.2 Hz train-of-four every 20 s. The modified blocks were slower in onset, of lesser intensity, and of shorter duration than that of suxamethonium alone,(More)
Prior administration of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs reduces the potency of subsequently administered succinylcholine. To assess whether this interaction is also observed with the depolarizing drug, decamethonium, the potency of decamethonium alone and decamethonium after vecuronium (10 micrograms/kg) were assessed using a cumulative(More)
Neostigmine failed to modify the development of neuromuscular block in the presence of a high local concentration of tubocurarine. Only when the concentration of tubocurarine was reduced, and a suitable concentration gradient established between the receptor area and the plasma, did neostigmine increase the rate of recovery from the action of(More)