Stanislaw Kahl

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Growing ruminants under extended dietary restriction exhibit compensatory growth upon ad libitum feeding, which is associated with increased feed efficiency, lower basal energy requirements, and changes in circulating concentrations of metabolic hormones. To identify mechanisms contributing to these physiological changes, 8-month-old steers were fed either(More)
The effect of 2 months fluoride administration (0.1 and 1.0 mg daily/rat) on thyroxine and triiodothyronine level in blood and T3-resin uptake ratio was investigated in rats. In addition, free thyroxine index was calculated from serum thyroxine level and T3-resin uptake ratio. It was found that fluoride administration caused: 1. decrease in thyroxine and(More)
Intrinsic in the equation for successful animal production is the efficiency of nutrient use for assimilation into useful animal-derived products. However, when young growing animals encounter various stressors that activate the proinflammatory response (PR), the biochemical effects of the resulting cascade of PR mediators [cytokines, prostaglandin and(More)
Phospholipids (soy lecithin) are important in the emulsification of lipids and may escape the rumen and influence the absorption of fatty acids in the small intestine. Our objectives were to determine the influence of dietary canola seed (high in unsaturated fatty acids) and soy lecithin in high-forage diets on total lipid content, cholesterol content, and(More)
An experiment was conducted with 42 growing Montbéliard steers to study the effect of feed restriction, followed by refeeding, on circulating concentrations of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and on hepatic and muscle activities of 5'-deiodinase (5'D). At 9 mo of age, 21 steers were diet-restricted for 3 mo (ADG, 641 g/d), prior to a 4-mo(More)
This experiment tested the hypothesis that thyroid hormones are essential for a milk production response to growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL). Prior to breeding, female transgenic mice expressing the herpes simplex type-I thymidine kinase in the thyroid were treated with ganciclovir to ablate thyroid follicular cells. To provide for normal gestation,(More)
The objective of this review is to summarize data on the interrelationships that exist between nutrition, the endocrine system and their modulation of plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha responses to endotoxin in cattle. During stress, intake of nutrients often is compromised and a percentage of available nutrients are diverted away from growth processes to(More)
To investigate possible circadian and ultradian periodicities for plasma cortisol in lactating dairy cows, integrated 15-min blood samples taken sequentially over 48 h from six cows were analyzed by radioimmunoassay. The cows were housed in an environmental chamber at about 19 degrees C, 50% relative humidity, and 16 h of light and 8 h of darkness (lights(More)
Effects of dietary protein level with and without L-arginine (Arg) infusion on plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) response to endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) as well as plasma concentration and urine output of nitrite and nitrate (NOx), the stable end products of nitric oxide radical (NO), were studied in beef heifers (275-310 kg body wt).(More)
Thyroxine 5'-deiodinase (5'D) catalyses deiodination of the prohormone thyroxine (T4) to the metabolically active hormone 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3). Previously, it has been demonstrated that rat mammary gland expresses a 5'D with enzymatic properties equivalent to those of the type I enzyme (5'D-I) found in rat liver and kidney. Using complementary DNA(More)