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Thyroid status is compromised in a variety of acute and chronic infections and toxin-mediated disease states. Conversion of thyroxine (T4) into the metabolically active hormone, triiodothyronine (T3), is catalyzed by 5'-deiodinase (5'D). Our objective was to determine the effect of endotoxin (LPS) challenge with and without L-arginine (Arg) infusion on(More)
The objectives of this study were to examine the interaction between added palm oil in high-forage diets and initial concentration of plasma cholesterol on performance, plasma lipids, and carcass characteristics of growing ram lambs. Thirty-two Hampshire-Suffolk ram lambs (initial BW = 34.4 kg) were assigned to a 2 x 2 factorial design consisting of diet(More)
We quantified the changes in abundance of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and associated tissue signal transduction pathway elements (STPEs) in the bovine liver in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge and further assessed the impact on the LPS-driven variable responses as affected by daily treatment with recombinant growth hormone (GH)(More)
The present study defined the effects of GH administration on components of the nitric oxide (NO)-generating cascade to account for observed increases in NO production and protein nitration after an immune challenge. Calves were assigned to groups with or without GH treatment (100 microg GH/kg body weight or placebo im, daily for 12 d) and with or without(More)
A multistage protozoan parasitic disease was used as a cachexia model to study the effects of daily administration of bovine growth hormone (GH) on endocrine and body composition changes of young calves from the onset of the acute phase response (APR). Male calves averaging 127.5 +/- 2.0 kg body weight were assigned to control, ad libitum fed, noninfected(More)
Thyroxine 5'-deiodinase (5'D) catalyses deiodination of the prohormone thyroxine (T4) to the metabolically active hormone 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3). Previously, it has been demonstrated that rat mammary gland expresses a 5'D with enzymatic properties equivalent to those of the type I enzyme (5'D-I) found in rat liver and kidney. Using complementary DNA(More)
Rapid onset metabolic impairments accompany the initiation of the acute phase response to many disease stresses, whereas more chronic metabolic perturbations may prolong the recovery period. In the present experiment the application of a mild endotoxin challenge [lipopolysaccharide (LPS)] alone or additive to a chronic subclinical parasitic infection(More)
Twelve Holsteins in first lactation were used to investigate the relationship between energy balance and effects of bovine somatotropin (bST) on thyroid hormone metabolism and cytokine concentrations in serum. Six cows were fed for ad libitum intake and six cows were feed restricted to induce negative energy balance during two treatment periods of 6 d.(More)
During life, all animals encounter situations that challenge their capability for optimal growth. In reacting to immune challenges in the form of disease, homeostatic mechanisms attempt to overcome disharmony of the body's internal environment, or simply put, stress. The overall impact of stress revolves around a dynamic relationship between the level of(More)
Growing ruminants under extended dietary restriction exhibit compensatory growth upon ad libitum feeding, which is associated with increased feed efficiency, lower basal energy requirements, and changes in circulating concentrations of metabolic hormones. To identify mechanisms contributing to these physiological changes, 8-month-old steers were fed either(More)