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Shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI) is a new approach to imaging and characterizing tissue structures based on the use of shear acoustic waves remotely induced by the radiation force of a focused ultrasonic beam. SWEI provides the physician with a virtual "finger" to probe the elasticity of the internal regions of the body. In SWEI, compared to other(More)
Longitudinal monitoring of cells is required in order to understand the role of delivered stem cells in therapeutic neovascularization. However, there is not an imaging technique that is capable of quantitative, longitudinal assessment of stem cell behaviors with high spatial resolution and sufficient penetration depth. In this study, in vivo and in vitro(More)
In ultrasound elasticity imaging, strain decorrelation is a major source of error in displacements estimated using correlation techniques. This error can be significantly decreased by reducing the correlation kernel. Additional gains in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are possible by filtering the correlation functions prior to displacement estimation.(More)
Strain rate images (SRI) of the beating heart have been proposed to identify non-contracting regions of myocardium. Initial attempts used spatial derivatives of tissue velocity (Doppler) signals. Here, an alternate method is proposed based on two-dimensional phase-sensitive speckle tracking applied to very high frame rate, real-time images. This processing(More)
The relative success of manual palpation in the detection of breast cancer would suggest that a method for remote palpation resulting in a measurement of tissue elasticity could provide a diagnostic tool for detecting cancerous lesions deeper within the breast. This presumption is based in part on the excellent contrast between neoplastic and normal tissue(More)
In traditional speckle tracking, lateral displacement (perpendicular to the beam direction) estimates are much less accurate than axial ones (along the beam direction). The accuracy of lateral tracking is very important whenever spatial derivatives of both axial and lateral displacements are required to give a full description of a two-dimensional (2-D)(More)
In shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI), mechanical excitation within the tissue is remotely generated using radiation force of focused ultrasound. The induced shear strain is subsequently detected to estimate visco-elastic properties of tissue and thus aid diagnostics. In this paper, the mechanical response of tissue to radiation force was detected using a(More)
Photoacoustic signal generation by metal nanoparticles relies on the efficient conversion of light to heat, its transfer to the environment, and the production of pressure transients. In this study we demonstrate that a dielectric shell has a strong influence on the amplitude of the generated photoacoustic signal and that silica-coated gold nanorods of the(More)
Because errors in displacement and strain estimates depend on the magnitude of the induced strain, the strain signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) will be a function of the applied deformation. If deformation is applied at the body surface, it is difficult during data acquisition to select a single surface displacement providing the highest strain SNR throughout the(More)
Since being discovered by Alexander Bell, photoacoustics may again be seeing major resurgence in biomedical imaging. Photoacoustics is a non-ionizing, functional imaging modality capable of high contrast images of optical absorption at depths significantly greater than traditional optical imaging techniques. Optical contrast agents have been used to extend(More)