Stanislav Vladimirovich Koulchitsky

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Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has been suggested to play a major role in the pathogenesis of migraines and other primary headaches. CGRP may be involved in the control of neuronal activity in the spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN), which integrates nociceptive afferent inputs from trigeminal tissues, including intracranial afferents. The activity of(More)
Nitric oxide is thought to control transmitter release and neuronal activity in the spinal dorsal horn and the spinal trigeminal nucleus, where nociceptive information from extra- and intracranial tissues is processed. Extracellular impulse activity was recorded from neurons in the rat spinal trigeminal nucleus with afferent input from the cranial dura(More)
OBJECTIVE Afferent information from the heart and the lung is conveyed to the brainstem by primary afferent fibers originating from vagal sensory neurons (jugular-nodose ganglion complex, JNC). The present study was made to evaluate if release of the sensory neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from the JNC can be used as a model for future(More)
In chronic experiments on rats pretreated with bilateral microinjection of 25 nl 1% capsaicin to the caudal ventrolateral medulla under ketamine-xylazine-acepromazine anesthesia, an enhancement of the temperature response to intraperitoneal application of 3 microg/kg E. coli lipopolysaccharide as compared to animals who received vehicle to the caudal(More)
In acute experiments on nembutal-urethan-anesthetized rats, structures selectively sensitive to capsaicin were found near the ventral surface of the medulla at the exit of hypoglossal nerve roots. Microinjection of 5-50 nl 0.01% capsaicin to the rostral region of the capsaicin-sensitive area mostly activated respiration, arterial pressure and heart rate(More)
In experiments on male Wistar rats, the acute phase reaction was induced by a bolus intravenous injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (10 microg/kg) through a silicon catheter pre-implanted into the jugular vein. The colonic and skin temperature was measured with thermocouples. Changes in nociception were assessed based on tail flick latency(More)
Psychoactive substances affecting the dopaminergic system induce locomotor activation and, in high doses, stereotypies. Network mechanisms underlying the shift from an active goal-directed behavior to a "seemingly purposeless" stereotypic locomotion remain unclear. In the present study we sought to determine the relationships between the behavioral effects(More)
Anxiety disorders are known to be comorbid with migraine, and cortical spreading depression (CSD) is the most likely cause of the migraine aura. To search for possible correlations between susceptibility to CSD and anxiety we used the open field test in male Sprague-Dawley rats chronically treated with the preventive anti-migraine drugs valproate or(More)
Cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine), a natural alkaloid, is a powerful psychostimulant and a highly addictive drug. Unfortunately, the relationships between its behavioral and electrophysiological effects are not clear. We investigated the effects of cocaine on the firing of midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons, both in anesthetized and awake rats, using(More)
In acute experiments on nembutal-urethan-anaesthetized rats, a slow infusion of subseptic dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) Escherichia coli (1 mg/ml) via the right jugular vein immediately led to bradycardia and extrasystoles. Preliminary administration of 20 mg/kg N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or 30 mg/kg aminoguanidine hydrochloride(More)