Stanislav Vladimirovich Koulchitsky

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We hypothesized that the systemic inflammatory response undergoes two consecutive stages, each characterized by different nonspecific sickness patterns. To test this hypothesis, we studied thermal, nociceptive, and motor responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in 43 unanesthetized, habituated, and lightly restrained male Wistar rats previously implanted with(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has been suggested to play a major role in the pathogenesis of migraines and other primary headaches. CGRP may be involved in the control of neuronal activity in the spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN), which integrates nociceptive afferent inputs from trigeminal tissues, including intracranial afferents. The activity of(More)
Infusion of nitric oxide (NO) donors is known to induce delayed attacks of migraine and cluster headache or aggravate tension-type headaches in patients suffering from these primary headaches. Previously we have reported that infusion of NO donors in the rat causes delayed neuronal activity in the spinal trigeminal nucleus, which parallels the above(More)
Ongoing activity of spinal trigeminal neurons is observed under various conditions and suggested to be responsible for ongoing headache. It can be spontaneous, i.e. arising intrinsically from the neuron, or the product of descending influences from other central neurons, or maintained by ongoing afferent input. The aim of the present study was to examine if(More)
In acute experiments on nembutal-urethan-anesthetized rats, structures selectively sensitive to capsaicin were found near the ventral surface of the medulla at the exit of hypoglossal nerve roots. Microinjection of 5-50 nl 0.01% capsaicin to the rostral region of the capsaicin-sensitive area mostly activated respiration, arterial pressure and heart rate(More)
OBJECTIVE Afferent information from the heart and the lung is conveyed to the brainstem by primary afferent fibers originating from vagal sensory neurons (jugular-nodose ganglion complex, JNC). The present study was made to evaluate if release of the sensory neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from the JNC can be used as a model for future(More)
In chronic experiments on rats pretreated with bilateral microinjection of 25 nl 1% capsaicin to the caudal ventrolateral medulla under ketamine-xylazine-acepromazine anesthesia, an enhancement of the temperature response to intraperitoneal application of 3 microg/kg E. coli lipopolysaccharide as compared to animals who received vehicle to the caudal(More)
In experiments on male Wistar rats, the acute phase reaction was induced by a bolus intravenous injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (10 microg/kg) through a silicon catheter pre-implanted into the jugular vein. The colonic and skin temperature was measured with thermocouples. Changes in nociception were assessed based on tail flick latency(More)
Nitric oxide is thought to control transmitter release and neuronal activity in the spinal dorsal horn and the spinal trigeminal nucleus, where nociceptive information from extra- and intracranial tissues is processed. Extracellular impulse activity was recorded from neurons in the rat spinal trigeminal nucleus with afferent input from the cranial dura(More)