Stanislav Vladimirovich Koulchitsky

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Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has been suggested to play a major role in the pathogenesis of migraines and other primary headaches. CGRP may be involved in the control of neuronal activity in the spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN), which integrates nociceptive afferent inputs from trigeminal tissues, including intracranial afferents. The activity of(More)
We hypothesized that the systemic inflammatory response undergoes two consecutive stages, each characterized by different nonspecific sickness patterns. To test this hypothesis, we studied thermal, nociceptive, and motor responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in 43 unanesthetized, habituated, and lightly restrained male Wistar rats previously implanted with(More)
Infusion of nitric oxide (NO) donors is known to induce delayed attacks of migraine and cluster headache or aggravate tension-type headaches in patients suffering from these primary headaches. Previously we have reported that infusion of NO donors in the rat causes delayed neuronal activity in the spinal trigeminal nucleus, which parallels the above(More)
In acute experiments on nembutal-urethan-anesthetized rats, structures selectively sensitive to capsaicin were found near the ventral surface of the medulla at the exit of hypoglossal nerve roots. Microinjection of 5-50 nl 0.01% capsaicin to the rostral region of the capsaicin-sensitive area mostly activated respiration, arterial pressure and heart rate(More)
Ongoing activity of spinal trigeminal neurons is observed under various conditions and suggested to be responsible for ongoing headache. It can be spontaneous, i.e. arising intrinsically from the neuron, or the product of descending influences from other central neurons, or maintained by ongoing afferent input. The aim of the present study was to examine if(More)
In chronic experiments on rats pretreated with bilateral microinjection of 25 nl 1% capsaicin to the caudal ventrolateral medulla under ketamine-xylazine-acepromazine anesthesia, an enhancement of the temperature response to intraperitoneal application of 3 microg/kg E. coli lipopolysaccharide as compared to animals who received vehicle to the caudal(More)
Anxiety disorders are known to be comorbid with migraine, and cortical spreading depression (CSD) is the most likely cause of the migraine aura. To search for possible correlations between susceptibility to CSD and anxiety we used the open field test in male Sprague-Dawley rats chronically treated with the preventive anti-migraine drugs valproate or(More)
OBJECTIVE Afferent information from the heart and the lung is conveyed to the brainstem by primary afferent fibers originating from vagal sensory neurons (jugular-nodose ganglion complex, JNC). The present study was made to evaluate if release of the sensory neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from the JNC can be used as a model for future(More)
In experiments on male Wistar rats, the acute phase reaction was induced by a bolus intravenous injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (10 microg/kg) through a silicon catheter pre-implanted into the jugular vein. The colonic and skin temperature was measured with thermocouples. Changes in nociception were assessed based on tail flick latency(More)