Stanislav R Stoyanov

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Efficient conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to second-generation biofuels and valuable chemicals requires decomposition of resilient plant cell wall structure. Cell wall recalcitrance varies among plant species and even phenotypes, depending on the chemical composition of the noncellulosic matrix. Changing the amount and composition of branches attached(More)
Plant biomass recalcitrance, a major obstacle to achieving sustainable production of second generation biofuels, arises mainly from the amorphous cell-wall matrix containing lignin and hemicellulose assembled into a complex supramolecular network that coats the cellulose fibrils. We employed the statistical-mechanical, 3D reference interaction site model(More)
Tailoring the surface chemistry of metallic nanoparticles is generally a key step for their use in a wide range of applications. There are few examples of organic films covalently bound to metal nanoparticles. We demonstrate here that aryl films are formed on gold nanoparticles from the spontaneous reduction of diazonium salts. The structure and the bonding(More)
Cellulose, the most abundant biopolymer on Earth, represents a resource for sustainable production of biofuels. Thermochemical treatments make lignocellulosic biomaterials more amenable to depolymerization by exposing cellulose microfibrils to enzymatic or chemical attacks. In such treatments, the solvent plays fundamental roles in biomass modification, but(More)
We present a computational exploration of five- and six-coordinate Ni(II) and vanadyl porphyrins, including prediction of UV-vis spectroscopic behavior and metalloporphyrin structure as well as determination of a binding energy threshold between strongly bound complexes that have been isolated as single crystals and weakly bound ones that we detect by(More)
Geometry optimization for a series of ten, two-ring diimine Ru(II) complexes was effected using the Gaussian 98 protocol at density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP level with basis sets 3-21G*and 3-21G**. HOMO-LUMO energy difference values compared favorably to the experimental data from electrochemistry [Delta E(1/2) = (E(1/2ox) - E(1/2red))] and the lowest(More)
The X-ray crystal structure-based models of Iα cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), both pristine and containing surface sulfate groups with negative charge 0-0.34 e/nm(2) produced by sulfuric acid hydrolysis of softwood pulp, feature a highly polarized "crystal-like" charge distribution. We perform sampling using molecular dynamics (MD) of the structural(More)
Calcium complexes with bidentate carbonyl ligands are important in biological systems, medicine and industry, where the concentration of Ca2+ is controlled using chelating ligands. The exchange of two water molecules of [Ca(H2O)6]2+ for one bidentate monosubstituted and homo disubstituted dicarbonyl ligand was investigated using the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)(More)
Singlet ground-state geometry optimization of the monomer, four dimers, and the trimer of [Pt(bph)(CO)(2)], where bph = biphenyl dianion, was performed at the B3LYP level of density functional theory (DFT) with a mixed basis set (6-311G** on C, O, and H atoms; the Stuttgart/Dresden (SDD) effective core potential (ECP) on the Pt core; [6s5p3d] on the Pt(More)
We design nickel-doped and nitrogen-doped carbon nanocones with various amounts of buckling that feature square-planar, (approximate) tetrahedral, and octahedral coordination. The optimized geometries and electronic structures of these novel metallocarbon complexes are calculated by using the B3LYP (Gaussian03) and GGA-BLYP (ADF) exchange-correlation(More)